Europe wants to study the possibility of a mission to the Moon in 2025



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The European Space Agency (ESA, for its acronym in English) commissioned launch company ArianeGroup a study of the possibility of landings in the Moon in 2025, which will be the first for the continent.

"The return to the Moon is possible," said André-Hubert Roussel, the group's executive president, on Monday, saying he was "convinced that conquest of space is very important for the future of humanity in general."

"Europe must put itself in its place," he continued, while 2019 marked the 50th anniversary of Neil Armstrong's first step on the Moon. "ESA aspires to settle there and why not make a forefront of future exploration."

In this case, ArianeGroup signed a contract with the European Agency. The mission will have the aim "the exploitation of regolith, a mineral that allows it to extract water and oxygen, makes it possible to present human presence autonomously on the Moon and also produce the fuel needed for further exploration missions," according to a statement from the group. .

Such a mission is something that is unprecedented for Europe, even though it's not about sending humans to the Moon.

So far, only three countries have landed on the moon's surface, 384,000 km from Earth: Russia, the United States and China, recently, landed hidden artifacts on the satellite side. This world first confirmed the country as the power of space.

The United States and Russia, but also India or Israel, are also competing, including international cooperation in several projects.

The study commissioned for ArianeGroup, which will be presented at the end of the year, "is part of ESA's global plan to make Europe an important partner in exploration [espacial] in the next decade, "said David Parker, director of the European agency's Human Exploration and Robotics branch.

"The use of space resources can ultimately be the key to lasting Moon exploration," he added.

The Moon's resources move from basal to helium 3, a rare isotope on Earth but are common in stars, which in theory can be used to produce energy for Earth.

But the researchers' main goal was to exploit the water contained in the moon's polar ice, to separate it into hydrogen and oxygen, two gases which, mixed, could feed rocket engines.

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