November 27, 2018 03:26 PM
Updated 27 November 2018 5:15 PM
The Nicolás Maduro government faces a series of sanctions, many of them due to alleged implications in cases of corruption, money laundering, crimes against humanity on Venezuelan officials and the deterioration of the country.
The United States, Canada and the European Union (EU) ordered the blocking of property and prohibited entry into their territory from President Nicolás Maduro and senior government leaders. Since 2015, progressive sanctions have been issued for officials and former officials; In total there were at least 76 sentences.
"The Nicolás Maduro government has made great political efforts in Europe and other latitudes; however, at the moment, ending 2018, most countries want to have a minimum type of relationship with the government where members have serious suspicions of crimes against humanity," Daniel said Varnagy, PhD in Political Science, professor and coordinator of the Economics course at the University of Simón Bolívar (USB), National Web.
Infographic: Gabriela Galíndez – National Web
On November 6, the European Union extended the arms embargo and individual sanctions for those responsible for alleged human rights violations for a year. International organizations consider that the deterioration of the country's situation continues.
Varnagy believes that sanctions, which have a pragmatic and symbolic component, generate international pressure. "On the pragmatic side Europe tries to undermine permanence in power, while at a symbolic point it does not want to have anything to do with an authoritarian regime based on the decline of citizens, and at a certain point they live," he explained. .
Julio Castellanos, Venezuelan political scientist, explained that the reason for sanctioning sanctions was the breaking of democratic threads and human rights violations.
"The European community is extending sanctions because motives still exist, there is no clear intention to compensate for the damage caused by the Maduro government to the national democratic institutions and the Rule of Law," he stressed.
Castellanos assured that sanctions could be much tougher, however, he pointed out that the punishment must be truly universal to achieve constitutional thread restitution.
"It is necessary that the coalition of countries that sanction Venezuela, including countries such as China and Russia," Castellanos said, ensuring that if these conditions were not met, the Maduro government would find a channel to defend itself financially despite higher costs. suffering for citizens.
Dialogue: real solution?
Countries that are members of the Group of Five do not support the possibility of military intervention in Venezuela, while other European countries and the region consider that sanctions are needed to pressure the Maduro government. Meanwhile, Josep Borrell, the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs, said that maintaining international pressure as the only solution was "sterile" if conditions were not created for dialogue.
Political scientist Julio Castellanos believes that military intervention will be used by the government as an examination of international conspiracies. "The regime will be in the hands of reasons to openly and violently attack those who consider internal enemies." He also explained that the right word, before "dialogue", was "negotiation".
"The search for a solution negotiated at the intersection of Venezuela is the most reasonable. In addition, it is not only Spain's position, it is also the position of the European Union and other international communities," said the specialist.
Professor Daniel Varnagy points out that dialogue can be carried out depending on the negotiations put on the table.
"Negotiations that are outside the Constitution are unethical or at least illegitimate. Every negotiation that occurs must be based on respect for the current concept of the Rule of Law, jurisprudence and the Constitution," he said.
Varnagy shows that any agreement that moves away from ethical concepts cannot be classified as an agreement. "The situation in this country is so terrible that there is only order restitution through system changes, this system change is a matter of ethical order," he explained.
What is expected for 2019
Experts agree that the deterioration in the quality of life of Venezuelans can deteriorate if the government's actions on hyperinflation and lack of food are maintained.
"Only legitimate governments, which are elected through transparent and unquestioned elections, that enjoy international credibility and national trust, can face important decisions that come from coming out of deep crises," Castellanos said.
He assured that there were three alarming data for the nation: citizens 'security controls were increasingly militarized, the inability of local governments to respect workers' commitments (which would result in high union conflicts for 2019) and the absence of peaceful and electoral routes.
"Because there is no room for peace, there is a dangerous tendency on the part of public opinion to praise how radical promises or efforts to commit violence," he said.
On the other hand, Daniel Varnagy emphasized that, despite official announcements showing that there was no exchange control, hyperinflation in this country was accompanied by permanent regulations by the government.
"At the end of the year, national governments can witness increased protests, both for public services and for food and medicine. With this, the government at some point must understand that this model is a model that is not sustainable over time," he said.
Sanctions could increase for next year because various international organizations and countries in the world have warned that January 10 is the deadline for the legitimacy of President Maduro. The National Assembly ensures that by 2019 there will be a power vacuum because they consider that the May 20 election is illegal, they also show that the international community must work together to achieve a "restoration of democracy" in this country.