600 cases of dengue fever every week in this country



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The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), in its latest epidemiological warning, identified 14 thousand 166 reports of possible dengue registered in Venezuela between January and October this year. Of these alarming figures, only 1,871 confirmations have been reached.

"During 2018, all federal entities in the country have reported cases, with incidence rates varying from 6 to 192 per 100,000 residents (Portuguesa and Delta Amacuro, respectively)", publishing bulletins that reported an "exponential" increase affected during the semester this second.

Only between epidemiological weeks 33 (mid-August) and 44 (end of October), the nation collected an average of 612 cases each week.

An intensivist pediatrician from the Southern General Hospital (HGS) said: "This amount is according to not reported because, generally, the allegations are not revealed and it is also very difficult to determine dengue fever by blood tests, due to lack of laboratory reagents. public. "

Last October, the president of the Venezuelan Infectious Diseases Society (SVI), María Graciela López, warned that complete hematology and serology were needed, but tests for C-reactive protein and NS1 antigens were not available. "These cases have come to hospitals more often since September 2018, even exceeding income from other epidemics that have befallen Venezuela, such as measles.

Between 8% and 10% of inpatient staff of HGS children, said a medical source, is because this viral infection is transmitted by the bite of a female infected with a mosquito from the genus Aedes aegypti.

Zulia's Health Secretary, Omaira Prieto, told the newspaper: "We have an expected case because we are endemic to dengue and we are in the cycle year."

Meanwhile, PAHO indicates that all age groups, especially those under the age of 15, integrate Venezuelan statistics. So far, 13 deaths from this pathology and 77 – diagnoses classified as severe dengue, are considered "life-threatening complications because they occur with plasma extravasation, fluid accumulation, respiratory problems, heavy bleeding or organ failure." ", According to WHO.

Since August this year, 13 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have reported an increase in this condition, compared to the same period in 2017: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico , Paraguay and Venezuela.

High fever, very intense headache, joint and muscle pain; discomfort behind the eyeball, nausea, vomiting, enlarged lymph nodes and a rash are symptoms that usually manifest the infected.

The tropical climate supports reproduction of mosquitoes. This, coupled with a lack of policies to prevent it, produces an ideal scenario for easy proliferation, confirms SVI.

Dengue is attacked with vector control, environmental sanitation measures are needed. "You also need education about how to prevent it, avoid standing water. These campaigns are not fulfilled," complained María Graciela López.

Given the emergency situation in the distribution of drinking water in Zulia, it is common for households to own reservoirs. The recommendation from doctors is to keep them properly sealed.

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