The overdose mortality rate reached new highs in 2017, above 70,000, while the suicide rate increased 3.7%, according to the CDC National Center for Health Statistics report.
Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the CDC, called the trend tragic and unsettling. "Life expectancy gives us an idea of the overall health of the Nation and this serious statistic is a warning that we are losing too many Americans, too early and too often, for preventable conditions," he wrote in a statement.
Estimates of how long a person born in 2017 can expect to live in the United States are 78.6 years, a decline of 0.1 years from 2016, government statisticians say.
As usual, women will continue to live longer than men. In 2016 and 2017, women's life expectancy was 81.1 years, while men's life expectancy declined from 76.2 years in 2016 to 76.1 in 2017.
Most races and ethnic groups, including black men, Hispanic men and Hispanic women, did not see a significant change in their mortality from year to year.
However, black women experienced a 0.8% reduction in mortality in 2017 compared to the previous year, which means they lived a little longer, while rates increased by 0.6% for white men and 0.9% for skin women white.
Finally, the 10 main causes of death in 2017, accounting for nearly three-quarters of all deaths across the country, are heart disease, cancer, accidental injury, lower chronic respiratory disease, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, influenza and pneumonia lung, kidney disease and suicide. This "big 10 list" has remained unchanged from the previous year.
Death from drug overdose
Prices have been consistently and significantly higher for men than women throughout the year, up from around 8 men who died from an overdose of 100,000 in 1999 to around 29 men per 100,000 in 2017. Among women, this rate increased from around 4 deaths an overdose of 100,000 in 1999 to around 14 per 100,000 in 2017.
Age is a factor affecting this death, the researchers found. Adults between 25 and 54 experience the highest death rates due to drugs in 2017. Groups 25 to 34 have nearly 38 overdose deaths per 100,000, groups 35 to 44 have 39 per 100,000, and 45 to 54 groups have around 38 per 100,000.
Younger and older people die from overdoses less frequently, the report shows. People between the ages of 15 and 24 experienced about 13 overdose deaths per 100,000, those aged between 55 and 64 had 28 per 100,000, and 65 and older age groups had around 7 deaths per 100,000.
Overall, the biggest increase in drug overdose mortality rates was among adults between 55 and 64 for the 1999 to 2017 period: About 4 deaths per 100,000 occurred in this group in 1999, compared with 28 per 100,000 in 2017.
Places are also important when it comes to drug overdose deaths, with some countries registering higher numbers than others, the report shows. The 2017 level in West Virginia has nearly 58 overdose deaths per 100,000 people, in Ohio around 46 per 100,000, in Pennsylvania around 44 per 100,000, and in the District of Columbia, 44 per 100,000. Meanwhile, Texas (around 10 deaths from drug overdoses per 100,000), North Dakota (around 9 per 100,000), South Dakota and Nebraska (both around 8 per 100,000) have the lowest rates in 2017.
The rate of heroin overdose deaths remained constant at around 5 deaths per 100,000 people for 2016 and 2017; that said, it was seven times higher than in 1999. In contrast, overdose deaths involving fentanyl, fentanyl analogues and other synthetic opioids (other than methadone) increased by 45% between 2016 and 2017, increasing from around 6 deaths per 100,000 to 9 per 100,000.
Among men, this number increased 26% between 1999 and 2017, from around 18 suicides per 100,000 to nearly 22 per 100,000.
Among women, this rate increased 53% from 4 suicides per 100,000 in 1999 to almost 6 per 100,000 in 2017. Women between the ages of 45 and 64 experienced the highest rates in 1999 (6 suicides per 100,000) and 2017 (almost 10 suicides) per 100,000).
Rates in rural US areas are almost twice as high as in urban areas, said government statistics.
In 1999, the suicide rate for the most rural districts was around 13 per 100,000, compared to almost 10 per 100,000 in most urban areas.
In 2017, the suicide rate for the most rural districts (20 per 100,000) exceeded the figure in most urban areas (around 11 per 100,000). However, the 2017 suicide rate is 16% higher than in 1999 (around 10 per 100,000), while the 2017 suicide rate for the most rural districts is 53% higher than in 1999 (around 13 per 100,000), the report to show.
"We all have to work together to reverse this trend and help ensure that all Americans live longer and healthier," Redfield said in a statement, about decreasing life expectancy. He added that the CDC "is committed to putting science into action to protect US health."