Laguna Sosnogorsk as it probably appeared 372 million years ago just before the deadly storm, according to an artist's rendering. The newly discovered tetrapod can be seen on the left side of the image below the surface.
Bronze items found from a river in northern Germany show ancient tools of the Bronze Age warriors.
Molded pigs are a newly discovered family, genus and species of microinvertebrates that lived 30 million years ago.
Ferrodraco lentoni is a pterosaur, or "flying lizard," which lived among dinosaurs 96 million years ago. The fossil was found in Australia.
This Bronze Age End food container may be used for babies who drink animal milk.
This is the first portrayal of what a mysterious ancient human named Denisovans, a group of sisters to the Neanderthals. This picture shows a young female Denisovan, reconstructed based on a DNA methylation map. The art was created by Maayan Harel.
The researchers found fossils of one of the oldest bird species in New Zealand. While the offspring are giant seaman birds, these smaller ancestors probably flew shorter distances.
A painting shows a new species of giant salamander named Andrias sligoi, the largest amphibian in the world.
After its discovery in 2013, Victoria's 66 million-year-old fossil skeleton was restored bone by bone. He is the second most complete T. rex fossil ever.
An artist's illustration shows how different the "short-faced" ancient kangaroo named Simosthenurus occidentalis, is different from modern kangaroos. The skull is more like a koala.
An artist's illustration of the Cryodrakon borea, one of the largest flying animals that ever lived during the Cretaceous period. Although researchers don't know the color of the Cryodrakon feather, the colors shown here respect Canada, where the fossil was found.
Graphic thermal image of T. rex with a dorsotemporal fenestra that shines on the skull.
Complete skulls belonging to ancient human ancestors have been found in Ethiopia. A combination of cranium Australopithecus anamensis which is 3.8 million years old is seen here along with facial reconstruction.
Remains in the tomb of IIIN199, found under Prague Castle in 1928, belonged to a man from the 10th century. His identity has been a matter of great debate for years.
Fossil vertebrae from the type of stegosaurus that have not previously been found in Morocco. Researchers say they represent the oldest stegosaurus found.
The La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neanderthal skull shows exotic signs of external hearing, known as "surfer ear" growth, in the left canal.
The Fincha Habera stone sanctuary in the Ethiopian Bale Mountains serves as a residence for prehistoric hunter-gatherers.
The largest parrot in the world, Heracles inexpectatus, lived 19 million years ago in New Zealand. He is over 3 feet tall and weighs more than 15 pounds.
Saber-toothed cats, terrible wolves, and coyotes have different hunting patterns, according to a new study of predator fossils found at La Brea Tar Pits.
The researchers found 83 small glass spheres in fossil shells from the Florida mine. Tests show that it is evidence of one or more undocumented meteorite impacts in Florida's distant past.
This primitive dinosaur had a wide W-shaped jaw and a solid bone symbol resembling a hunchback nose.
Illustration of Microraptor when swallowing entire lizards during the Cretaceous period. Well-preserved Microraptor fossils and lizards were discovered, leading to the discovery that the lizard was a previously unknown species.
The back of a skull found in a Greek cave was 210,000 years old. Known as Apidima 1, right, researchers can scan and reproduce (middle and left). The round shape of Apidima 1 is a unique feature of modern humans and is in sharp contrast to Neanderthals and their ancestors.
A 33,000-year-old human skull shows evidence of being hit with a club-like object. The right side of the man's head has a large depressed fracture.
Fossil thighs found recently from an ancient giant bird revealed that they weigh almost the same as adult polar bears and can reach heights of 11 feet. It lived between 1.5 million and 2 million years ago.
This jaw bone belongs to a Neanderthal girl who lived 120,000 years ago. Found in Scladina Cave in Belgium.
This is an artist's illustration of the newly discovered dinosaur species Fostoria dhimbangunmal.
Radiocarbon dating has revealed that this Iron Age wooden shield was made between 395 and 255 BC.
A very well-preserved fossil of an extinct field species of 3 million years old mice found in Germany, which is less than 3 inches long, was found to have red pigment in its fur.
A mass grave dated 5,000 years ago in Poland contains 15 people, all from the same extended family.
This is the artist's impression of the Ambopteryx longibrachium, one of only two dinosaurs known to have membrane wings. Dinosaur fossil remains were found in Liaoning, in northeast China, in 2017.
Reconstruction of a small Suskityrannus hazelae tyrannosauroid from Late Cretaceous.
Researchers have been studying Archeopteryx fossils for 150 years, but new X-ray data reveal that the bird-like dinosaurs may have been "active leaflets."
A 160,000-year-old Denisovan jaw bone found in a cave in the Tibetan Plateau is the first evidence of the presence of this ancient human group outside the Denisova Cave in Siberia.
An artist's illustration of Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, a giant carnivore that lived 23 million years ago. He is known from fossils of most of his jaws, parts of his skull and parts of his skeleton. It is a hyaenodont, a group of carnivores that are now extinct, which is bigger than modern polar bears.
Upper right teeth of the newly discovered species of Homo luzonensis. Teeth are smaller and simpler than those of other Homo species.
The towering "Scotty" and battle scars are the largest Tyrannosaurus rex in the world and the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Canada.
The researchers found an unknown species at the Qingjiang fossil site on the banks of the Danshui River, near the junction with the Qingjiang River in Hubei Province, China.
During a study of ancient Iberian populations, the remains of men and women buried together at a Spanish Bronze Age site called Castillejo de Bonete showed that the woman was a local and the newest male ancestor came from central Europe.
Durrington Walls is the site of the Late Neolithic henge in Wiltshire. Pig bones found at the site reveal that humans and livestock traveled hundreds of kilometers to party and celebrate.
An artist's impression of a herd of Galleonosaurus dorisae by the river in the Australia-Antarctic rift valley during the Early Cretaceous, 125 million years ago.
The remains of 137 children and 200 llamas are found in Peru in an area that was once part of the culture of the Chimú state, which was at the height of power during the 15th century. Children and llamas may have been sacrificed because of the flood.
Gigi the extinct giant land idler who lived in Belize 27,000 years ago revealed that the area was arid, not jungle as it is today.
An illustration of an artist like what tyrannosaur Morpus intrepidus would look like 96 million years ago. This little predator will eventually become Tyrannosaurus rex.
Examples of tools made from monkey bones and teeth found from the Late Pleistocene layer of the Fa-Hien Lena Cave in Sri Lanka show that ancient humans used sophisticated techniques to hunt monkeys and squirrels.
Footprints thought to belong to Neanderthals have been found in the Catalan Bay Sand Dune.
Two of the fossil specimens found in Korea have reflective eyes, features that are still visible under the light.
An artist's illustration of Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia, a long-necked titanosaurus from the middle Cretaceous period was recently discovered in Tanzania. The tail vertebra has a unique heart shape, which contributes to its name. In Swahili, the name translates to "Mtuka beast with a heart-shaped tail."
The oldest evidence of mobility is 2.1 billion years and is found in Gabon. The tube, found in black flakes, is filled with pyrite crystals produced by the transformation of biological tissue by bacteria, found in a clay mineral layer.
Researchers have recently studied climate change in Greenland as it did during the Viking period. Using a lake sediment core, they found that it was actually warmer than previously believed. They studied in several places, including the reproduction of the 21st-century Thjodhild church in the land of Erik the Red, known as Brattahlíð, in Qassiarsuk, Greenland today.
This is an illustration of an Antarctic artist, 250 million years ago. The newly discovered dinosaur relative, Antartanax shackletoni, revealed that reptiles lived among a variety of wildlife in Antarctica after mass extinctions.
The points of bones and teeth that were found in the Denisova Cave originated in early Paleolithic. A new study establishes the cave timeline, and it protects the first known human since 300,000 years ago.
This artist's illustration shows a marine reptile that is similar to a platypus hunt at dusk. This duck is the first reptile that has extraordinary small eyes that are likely to require it to use other senses, such as the sense of touch of the duck, to hunt prey.
Although difficult to recognize, the researchers found a layer of lazuli pigment spots, called ultramarine, on the dental plaque in the lower jaw of a medieval woman.
Neanderthal fossils, left, and skeletons of modern humans. Neanderthals are generally thought to show a high incidence of trauma compared to modern humans, but a new study reveals that head trauma is consistent for both.
The oldest figurative art in the world from Borneo dates back 40,000 years, when humans lived on what is now the third largest island in the world.
The teeth of a 250,000-year-old Neanderthal child contains an unprecedented record of the season of birth, treatment, illness, and lead exposure during the first three years of his life.
An artist's illustration shows a giant nocturnal elephant bird foraging in the ancient jungle of Madagascar at night. A new study shows that extinct birds are now nocturnal and blind.
Kebara 2 is the most complete Neanderthal fossil found to date. It was found in Israel's Kebara Cave, where other Neanderthal remains have been found.
The oldest intact shipwreck in the world was discovered by a research team in the Black Sea. This is a Greek merchant ship dated 400 BC. The ship was surveyed and mapped digitally by two long-distance underwater vehicles.
This fossil represents fish like new piranhas from the Jurassic period with sharp and pointed teeth. Maybe eat other fish fins.
The fossil skull of a young Diplodocus known as Andrew, is held by Cary Woodruff, director of paleontology at the Great Plains Dinosaur Museum.
Two small bones from the Ciemna Cave in Poland are the oldest human remains found in the country. The condition of the bones also shows that the child was eaten by a large bird.
This artist's illustration shows the newly discovered dinosaur species Ledumahadi mafube looking for food in the Jurassic Early South Africa. Heterodontosaurus, another South African dinosaur, can also be seen in the foreground.
A 73,000-year-old red cross pattern is drawn on silicrete flakes, which are formed when sand and gravel are put together, and are found in a cave in South Africa.
A series of Middle Neolithic pottery includes typical Danilo items, figulina and rhyta which are used to hold meat, milk, cheese and yogurt.
These four dinosaurs exhibited the evolution of alvarezsaurs. From the left, Haplocheirus, Xiyunykus, Bannykus and Shuvuuia revealed jaw lengthening, tooth reduction, and changes in the hands and arms.
Eorhynchochelys sinensis is an early tortoise that lived 228 million years ago. The beak is toothless, but has no shell.
The leg bone of a 7-year-old boy, recovering from an ancient Roman burial, shows the bending and defects associated with rickets.
The famous Easter Island sculptures, called moai, were originally whole body figures that were partly covered by time travel. They represent the important ancestor of Rapa Nui and were carved after a population was established on the island 900 years ago.
The researchers stood at the site of the excavation of Aubrey Hole 7, where cremated human remains were found at Stonehenge to be studied. New research shows that 40% of the 25 individuals buried in Stonehenge do not come from there – but they might haul rocks from west Wales and help build them.
The newly discovered armored dinosaur Akainacephalus johnsoni was found in southern Utah.
The feet are one of the partial skeletons of the 3.32 million-year-old Australopithecus afarensis child nicknamed Selam.
The impact of the asteroid that caused the dinosaurs to become extinct also destroyed global forests, according to a new study. This illustration shows one of the few land birds that survived the poisonous environment and mass extinction.
The remains of slaughtered rhinos help researchers to date when ancient humans reached the Philippines. They found a complete skeleton of 75% of rhino clearly slaughtered, with 13 bones showing scars and areas where bones were beaten to release marrow, at the Kalinga archeological site on the island of Luzon.
This is only one of 26 individuals found at the site of a fifth-century massacre on the Swedish island of Öland. This teenager was found lying on his side, which indicates a slower death. Other skeletons found in the houses and streets of Ringfort in Sandby Borg show signs of sudden death by a blow to the head.
The skeleton of a young woman and her fetus was found in a brick coffin dating from medieval Italy. His skull shows an example of neurosurgery, and his son is extruded after death in a rare "coffin of birth".
Parts of the whale's skull were found at the site of the construction of the Calaveras Dam in California, along with at least 19 others. Some pieces measuring 3 feet.
The Stone Age cow skull shows trepanation, a hole in the skull made by humans as a surgical or experimental intervention.
To the left is the fossil skull of our hominin ancestor, Homo heidelbergensis, who lived 200,000 to 600,000 years ago. On the right is a modern human skull. Hominins have pronounced eyebrows, but modern humans evolved mobile eyebrows when their facial shapes became smaller.
On the left are 13,000-year-old footprints such as those found in sediments on Calvert Island, off the Pacific coast of Canada. On the right is a digitally enhanced image, showing detailed footprints.
A central platform on Star Carr in North Yorkshire, England, was excavated by a team of researchers studying climate change events at the Middle Stone Age site. The Star Carr site is home to the oldest evidence of carpentry in Europe and British-made buildings.
The wall with this painting is in the Cave of La Pasiega in Spain. The shape of the red horizontal and vertical line stairs is more than 64,000 years old and was made by Neanderthals.
These hollow shells were found in the Spanish sea cave Cueva de los Aviones and were between 115,000 and 120,000 years ago. Researchers believe this serves as a body ornament for Neanderthals.
The earliest modern human fossils ever found outside Africa have been found in Israel. This shows that modern humans left Africa at least 50,000 years earlier than previously believed. The maxillary bone, including several teeth, was found at the prehistoric cave site.
This is a structure excavated on the north edge of the Grand Plaza in Teposcolula-Yucundaa in Oaxaca, Mexico. The researchers investigated the "pestilence" grave associated with the devastating epidemic of 1545-1550. New analysis shows that salmonella causes typhoid fever epidemics.
Standing about 4 feet tall, the ancestor of ancient humans Paranthropus boisei had a small brain and a large, plate-like face. This is most famous for having big teeth and big and strong chewing muscles.