The center also aims to "contribute to the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge from the Arab world and overcome it and create centers of expertise throughout the Arab world that include Western and Arab researchers." It also aspires to "provide an open space for dialogue and reflection, which can accept scientific and cultural events, research centers and higher education institutions in Europe and the Arab world.
The director of the center, Salam Kwakby, said that the headquarters would soon be opened, and Arab researchers would be able to attend and follow up on their activities.
On the occasion of the opening of the Arab Center, a conference was held at the Conservatoire of Arts and Crafts in "Today's Arab-European Relations". This includes four meetings.
After a speech by Mr Kawakibi, welcoming the audience and talking about the goals and aspirations of the Center, Francois Bourget talked about the fact that the Arab Center was added to other scientific centers and shared general scientific aspirations.
Francois Bourgat expressed his delight in joining this adventure because he had worked and managed French centers for a long time in the Arab world. "I continue my scientific journey by participating in efforts coming from the Arab world to encourage rational knowledge of all bets related to life. Political and cultural relations between our two regions."
|Arab Center 3 / New Politics / Arabic|
In this context, Tarek Miteri, a Lebanese thinker with many political responsibilities, spoke of the historical moment of important moments in the history of Arab-European relations to this day, noting France's position, which tried to drag its European counterparts to a more balanced relationship with the Arab world, from the position of the US, without conditions, to Israel.
Europe and the Arab Spring
The first session was about "Europe and the transition to democracy in the Arab world". Portuguese researcher Alvaro de Vasconcelos spoke of "European-Mediterranean relations in the light of the democratic crisis". He saw the emergence of extreme Chauvinism and right-wing tendencies as a threat to this cooperation, because of its position and proximity to the American view.
"The experience of Brazil, which is a promising symbol of democracy, and the newly elected president Paulsonaro declared war on minorities and homosexuals and promised to transfer the embassy to Jerusalem." However, he said, hopes remain, due to the mobility of women and minorities, and civil society, "which will build a progressive alternative."
Portuguese researchers criticized the contradiction of European positions from the experiences of Tunisia and Egypt. While Europeans supported the Tunisian revolution, they supported Sisi in Egypt
Portuguese researchers criticized Europe's position on the experiences of Tunisia and Egypt. While Europeans supported the Tunisian revolution and regarded the Renaissance Party as a component of the revolution, they supported Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Egypt.
"The results of the European Union's position in European-Mediterranean relations," Guillaume Clausa, European-Nova founder and head of European Civico, said that the European Union had passed five stations of violence. First, the failure of the 2005 referendum, Europe in two years, after that was dreams and models in the Arab world and also in Russia and China. The second is a series of economic crises between 2007 and 2014, a weakening of European solidarity, Russian exploitation of US elections to attack Georgia and then Ukraine, and fourth, a migration crisis, either due to climate or asylum, and finally the BRICST, once shrinking afterwards stretching conditions, this has a negative effect and maintains populism.
It is very possible that the European Union after the departure of real British foreign policy. He then requested a real budget to create scientific and academic partnerships and cooperation between Europe and the Arab world.
Researcher Ahmed Hussein, speaking of "the European Union and the Arab region: security against democracy" and put forward two hypotheses: First, the European Union distinguishes between strengthening security interests within its borders and outside and transferring political and social norms outside its borders. The second assumption is that security considerations, namely, the promotion of democracy and the promotion of human rights in European partnership projects towards the Arab region, are security considerations. Supporting political reforms that lead to the transition of democracy, the realization of human rights and the promotion of regional cooperation are tools to improve stability internal. The European Union, he said.
Researchers conclude that the spread of democracy in the Arab environment always requires security considerations, not politics and "supporting political reform for democratic transitions is a tool to promote stability on the EU border" and "security must remain before democracy," according to his estimates.
"Do Arabs want democracy?" Asked researcher Mohammed al-Masri in his newspaper. Before answering, it was supported by an Arab index poll saying that indicators spoke positively, and came from the knowledge of Arab citizens that democracy was better able to protect its interests or to express its views.
According to the Arab Index, Russian, American and Iranian policies are very negative from the point of view of Arab citizens
According to Arab indices, Russian, American and Iranian policies are very negative from the point of view of Arab citizens. Only 46 percent of Arabs expressed satisfaction with French policy towards Syria, Palestine and Libya.
The second session discussed the theme "The role of the European Union in the process of democratic change, case studies of Tunisia, Egypt and Syria". Tunisian researcher and academic Asma Nouira contributed a paper on "the European Union and the democratic transition in Tunisia". The European Union supports and continues to experience Tunisia as a pioneer in the Arab world. European support has slowed because of the complexity of the European Union's decision-making process, and its policies await until the vision of the ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali becomes clear. He added that the European Union did not support protests. After the success of the revolution, he helped organize elections and also civil society.
The European Union concluded that the EU played an important but not specific role. And called for "the need to change the paradigm that governs both banks, and Southern rights to assess European policy." It concludes that "the European Union has the right to defend its interests but takes into account the interests of others."
Meanwhile, Egyptian politician and law professor, Mohamed Mahsoub, spoke of "the role of the European Union in the transition to Egyptian democracy" and started from three Western constraints. Various Egyptian regimes, since the nineteenth century, were subject to them, not to Egyptian economic independence, nor to the army. Strong prestige, and finally, there is no democracy. And it provides some evidence of its effectiveness, such as the current Libyan crisis, where the Sisi system only plays a marginal role "service role", compared to the important role of France and Italy.
While praising Europeans' positive treatment of the Tunisian revolution, he called their hatred of the Egyptian revolution and the isolated government of President Mohamed Morsi. The negative was the West's refusal and the International Monetary Fund to provide a loan of 4.5 billion dollars to the Morsi government, and then provide $ 12 billion for Sisi.
But the mediator announced his belief in European public opinion, who understood the Egyptian revolution, and saw the restoration of the French revolution in Tahrir Square. Then it was linked to the failure of the 2011 revolution to the West, infiltrated into the Egyptian army and within the elite.
In a paper on "the European Union in Syria, Between Diplomacy and Punishment," researcher Manon-Noor Tannous reviewed a series of European Union sanctions against figures close to the Syrian regime and many entities. He considered that Europeans had an important piece of paper in Syria, especially after Putin asked them to participate in the reconstruction of Syria, which the Europeans were associated with starting the path of transition to true democracy.
Economy and migration
In the third session on "Economy, Development and Issues on Migration", Jean-Francois Dagouzane, Academician and Director of the magazine "Mashreq Maghreb", spoke of "economic relations between Europe and Arab countries: paradoxes and contradictions." After talking about the aspects of dependence between the European Union and the Arab world, Advocated "the idea of interdependent interdependence, that is, relations that are interrelated, but also face gaps that lead to violence, not only between countries but also within countries." He stressed "the absence of Arab policy in Europe."
Meanwhile, researcher Younis Balafallah, in a paper entitled "Moroccan-EU Progressive Status: Results, Prospects and Prospects of Development", stressed that the "democratic transition" sometimes expressed by the West in Arab countries is still long in Morocco, Continuing policy this country's rent and corruption, where large transactions occur between groups close to the Authority. He said some major achievements, such as the fast train between Tangier and Casablanca, were not needed, because there were more pressing priorities, and the regime did so to satisfy France angrily when he preferred to buy US warplanes on Rafal. He also considered that until the opening of the main French schools in Morocco, not to be included in Europe, but to make a Moroccan mirror of the French model.
Despite the status of Morocco as an advanced friend of the European Union, and despite maintaining good relations with these historic friends, the king of Morocco has opened to Russia and China, which he visited seven times, and opened to Africa.
In the end, the researchers asked why there was no collaboration between the Arab Maghreb countries before the door of the European Union.
Jihad Yazji researcher, in his paper, "What is the role of Europe in the reconstruction of Syria?" About the high cost of this process, which ranges from 200 to 400 billion euros. He talked about giving Iran 50 thousand barrels of oil per day for the regime to help pay the salaries of its employees, and increase the debt of Iranians to Syria, which the United States tried to stop.
The Syrian regime has no strategy for reconstruction, and Western countries will not participate because of losing the war
Yazji pointed out that the Syrian regime had no strategy for reconstruction, and that Western countries would not participate because they lost the war, while Russia and Iran won. Researchers suggest continuing humanitarian support for the Syrian people, and not dealing financially with the regime or with elected local authorities and regime agents, led by former warlords. He called for investment in the agricultural sector to stabilize the population in their area, as well as finance infrastructure such as electricity and water. He also revealed his proposal to the European Union to rebuild Syrian cities such as Daria and al-Qaseer, provided migrants returned and regained their property .
Finally, he asked: Why didn't the West turn the paper on reconstruction in Syria, for its sake, as long as Russia went bankrupt and the Iranians almost collapsed?
Finally, he took the floor in a paper entitled "Demographics of Arab Migration (France and Europe)." He denied many misunderstandings about Arab integration. He revealed that Arabs were more open than Turks and more educated than Turks and Portuguese. It is also interesting to note that these Arab immigrants have been able to change their minds in their home countries, for example, they have contributed to women's access to additional rights in the Moroccan family code, and have persuaded many of their citizens to reduce their offspring. Taught by their colleagues.
Europe and Palestine
The fourth and final session aimed at the subject of "Europe and the Palestinian problem", and identified the intervention of researcher Bishara Khadr in a paper entitled "Europe and the Palestinian problem (1948-2018): historical responsibility and diplomatic inconsistency." He refers to the responsibilities of Western countries in what is happening in Palestine, Balfour and the Holocaust, where Palestinians pay the price of what the Jews suffered in Europe, then the partition law that resulted in the loss of Palestinians, the Germans helped Financially Israel in the fifties of the last century, and then helped France Israel to make nuclear bombs, and other countries politically and diplomatically in the international forum.
The responsibility of Westerners to support Israel is enormous, according to the researcher, who concluded that "Europeans are swimming in total incompatibility when it is necessary to vote, in 2012, to recognize Palestinian countries dividing Europe," remembering that "Palestine is a test of lack of harmony in European position ".
Then he spoke in the words of Dominique Vidal in a paper on "the alliance that Israel has linked to populist and extreme right forces: new obstacles to peace?" He criticized Israel's right to strengthen its relations with political parties and systems in Eastern Europe, some of which did not hide its hostile policies or policies. Anti-Semitism.
Researchers point out that this is not limited at this time, but Jewish organizations have dealt with Nazis and Musselini. He also pointed out that many right-wing and populist European parties see Islamic extremism and Islam in general as more danger than hostility towards Jews. He added that Israel had been open to various right-wing parties, except for the French National Rally, despite the visit of one of its leaders to Israel.
"The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has become a colonialist struggle," said Jean-Paul Chagnolo in his paper on various stages of Israeli occupation in the Palestinian territories to this day. "Many Palestinians believe that a two-state solution is no longer realistic, and the solution is one country, which reinforces the idea of a colonialist state based on discrimination, and certainly not a democratic country, and here we are in a big contradiction, like the residents of Jerusalem and Israelis, Palestinians, and that would be discrimination, and that would have a name, even though it would be criminal, apartheid. "
Bertrand Paddy, entitled "Towards a New Era in International Relations," calls for a new reading of relations between the state and power, coalitions, nepotism, integration and weak actors, such as warlords, militias and groups, and globalization.
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Source: New Arabs