Previous research in the Lancet focused on nearly a thousand gay companion couples for 8 years. If a partner infected with AIDS receives antiretroviral therapy (ART), even if there is no sex, the other healthy partners are also less susceptible to AIDS. Alison Rodger, a professor of infectious diseases at University College London, said that aside from preventing AIDS transmission, the results of this study could eliminate discrimination and stigma against AIDS patients and ask all patients to receive treatment.
A new page for AIDS prevention, anti-HIV drugs can prevent AIDS infection! The latest research by The Lancet focused on tracking nearly one thousand gay couples for 8 years. If people infected with AIDS in the couple receive antiretroviral therapy (ART), even if there is no sexual relationship, a healthy partner is also less susceptible to AIDS. Alison Rodger, a professor of infectious diseases at University College London, said that aside from preventing AIDS transmission, the results of this study could eliminate discrimination and stigma against AIDS patients and ask all patients to receive treatment.
Antiretroviral therapy Low risk of infection with homosexual partners
According to the BBC, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) does not cure AIDS, but can reduce the number of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) in AIDS patients through various drug combinations. Under the virus, there is a lot of evidence in the past that AIDS is almost non-infectious. The Joint UN Program on AIDS has also promoted the campaign "Risk Not Detected = Not Contagious".
This new study even inspires this belief even more. After tracking 972 gay couples for 8 years, no partners were infected. In about 76,088 cases of no sexual intercourse, the researchers estimated that 472 AIDS infections were prevented. Although 15 male friends were infected with AIDS, further tests found that this new infection was not infected by the test partner.
The number of viruses is so low that it is almost impossible to detect
In the study, the average AIDS patient received treatment for 4 years, but most patients could reduce the number of viruses after about 6 months of treatment, or even undetectable (less than 200 viruses per ml of blood). Ford Hickson, Ph.D., of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said the trial confirmed that as long as antiretroviral therapy is accepted, chances are it will not transmit AIDS through sexual activity.
The Guardian reports that nearly 40 million people worldwide are infected with AIDS in 2017, and only 21.7 million of them receive antiretroviral therapy. Deborah Gold, chief executive of the National AIDS Trust, said the message must be made public. However, 43% of new cases were delayed diagnoses, and late findings indicated that they had not received treatment in the past.
Most fear that AIDS patients cannot detect no treatment
Myron Cohen, director of the Institute of Global Health and Infectious Diseases at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, acknowledged in a comment that many male AIDS patients are afraid to detect because of negative social pressures such as discrimination and stigma, but the infection is strongest in the early stages of infection . This limits the use of preventive therapy.
26-year-old Matt Stokes was diagnosed with AIDS in 2016 and was treated 4 weeks later. The number of viruses was not detected within 3 months. He shared, knowing that he would not spread the virus, lower the burden on his heart and give him confidence.
1. Gay HIV transmission with treatment is 'zero risk', research confirms.
2. End Aids when large studies find a drug stopping HIV transmission.
3. Alison J Rodger et al. The risk of HIV transmission through unprotected sex in gay serodifferent couples with HIV-positive partners using suppressive antiretroviral therapy (MITRA): the final results of multicentre, prospective, and observational observational studies. Lancet, 2019.