Most must experience it once: nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. Gastrointestinal infections are one of the most common infectious diseases in the worldit explained Federal Center for Health Education(BZgA)on the portal infektionsschutz.de. Old home remedies for complaints are coke and pretzel sticks. But does that really help?
Gastrointestinal infections cause different symptoms
Gastrointestinal infections – in jargon as gastroenteritis meant – can cause very different complaints. Depending on the type of pathogen and the state of the immune system, the proportion can be very different. So pathogens require a different time from the time the infection causes discomfort – this can be several hours or even several days. Recently, norovirus died in Franconia. The infection is very unpleasant, and even dangerous for some people. How can you protect yourself from this?
Most diseases begin with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The patient feels weak – sometimes fever is added. The loss of fluid can cause dizziness or a clear feeling of weakness. Usually, the symptoms disappear completely after a few days.
Drink lots and absorb minerals
It's important to balance the loss of fluids and minerals. That's why it's very important to drink a lot. With light tea or salty broth in small sips, you can avoid vomiting again.
Also electrolyte solutions from pharmacies are useful for supplying the body with minerals in liquid form. That recommend Technician health insurance on their website. This should also help dissolve six teaspoons of sugar and one teaspoon of salt in one liter of water and drink slowly. Solid foods should not be returned until after vomiting.
Which home remedies help?
As an entry-level food, especially binding foods such as carrots, apples, rice and potatoes. Fat, on the other hand, should only be used sparingly because it stimulates digestion Technician health insurance. It is also recommended for dinner, cooked oatmeal, and other foods that are well tolerated.
On the other hand, filling in food or medicine makes no sense, because with diarrhea the patient excludes pathogens and poisons. If this is slowed, the course of the disease may become longer.
Often, eating breaks for six to ten hours help – but not under any circumstances, take a break. After your appetite returns, it is recommended to start again with a light diet.
Pretzel and Coke – good or bad?
Because children react more sensitive to fluid loss than adults, they have to leave the old "Coke and pretzel stick" medicine better – so Technician health insurance.
The very high sugar content in cola drinks encourages diarrhea to release more water from the body to the intestine, so that the organism loses more water. Caffeine contained in colas also increases potassium loss.
Adults can eat several stems of pretzels without hesitation. As a result, they can mainly compensate for the loss of sodium.
Furthermore, Techniker recommends health insurance:
- Grated apples (with shells): Pectin contained in it binds fluids and helps fight diarrhea.
- Valuable bananas: This fruit contains a lot of missing minerals and is mainly used to replenish potassium storage.
- rice porridge, in small portions and several times a day: Cook mucus with water (never milk) and a little salt, not sugar.
- risotto (Rice): The ancient Italian home remedy was dried risotto with grated Parmesan.
When should you go to a doctor?
If home remedies do not help and you have severe circulation problems, muscle cramps, drowsiness or high fever, you should always consult a doctor. The same applies if blood occurs in feces or diarrhea vomiting lasts longer than three days.
For seniors or people with immune deficiency, gastrointestinal infections can be very serious. This also applies to babies and toddlers, because they are very sensitive to lack of fluids. For example, in high-risk patients circulation problems can even occur, including collapse, and in very severe cases, even kidney failure is near. Fluid loss must be compensated by infusion. ln