For all Most infectious diseases are stable in 2018, according to the epidemiological annual report of the Public Health Agency.
Deviations from the tendency of certain diseases can be associated with summer, for example, an increase in the number of cases of vibrio infection was noted in connection with bathing in the Baltic in particular. A major ehec outbreak, an infection that is usually transmitted through food, also occurs during the summer.
Among them are sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections, the situation for most diseases is stable.
– An alarming exception is the increase in gonorrhea that has lasted for several years. Combined with the international trend of antibiotic resistance that is rapidly increasing, this requires action. In-depth analysis is being carried out to identify steps that can reduce the spread, investigator comments Maria Axelsson.
Syphilis also increases in 2018, while the number of cases of chlamydia continues to decline. Infection caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria shows an increasing trend. Many Swedes are infected by bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics abroad and domestic spread can occur both in the community and in the health care environment.
Furthermore, the report states that:
Sweden has a high vaccination coverage rate and the diseases included in the national vaccination program show, as before, a low and stable level. As in previous years, cases of imported measles have caused fewer outbreaks, but this also requires great effort.
Among diseases that usually increase during the winter, a relatively severe epidemic of RS viruses, a fairly calm period of influenza and unusually mild summers, often reported, are often referred to as winter cramps.
Among zoonoses, diseases that infect animals and humans, there are still a large number of TBE cases in 2018. One case of echinococci is reported and the Public Health Authority now considers that no longer can be excluded that there are cases of infection in Sweden.