According to National Health Agency Statistics, prescribing antibiotics has decreased in the number of daily doses per resident. From 2007 to 2017, the decline was 23 percent. Halland County has dropped a maximum of 28 percent, while Gotland has only reduced one percent recipe.
Antibiotic prescriptions for children have dropped 43 percent between 2007 and 2017. For people over 80 years, development is significantly slower, with a decrease of almost nine percent, according to figures from the National Health Council. The daily dose is the average number of drugs a patient needs per day.
The trend is natural statement by Malin Grape, Head of the Unit for Antibiotics and Health Care at the Public Health Authority.
– The biggest decrease occurred among children. This is where we believe that the most unnecessary prescription, for example, for common viral infections has occurred. Among older people, we live longer than before, and then you become more sensitive to infections that might need to be treated with antibiotics. For those who really need antibiotics, we don't want to reduce use, only recipes that are unnecessary and wrong.
According to him, there are several reasons for the decline in general.
"There is effective work both in the regional council, the city and among each doctor. We have also seen changes in attitudes towards the population. If you are aware of this problem, you might not go to the doctor in hopes of getting antibiotics printed, making it easier for doctors to decide to put aside or wait.
Reason for overdoing it antibiotics have several reasons, according to Axana Haggar, researcher and microbiologist in disputes at the National Health Council. One reason that traditionally contributes is the treatment of viruses.
"You may not use antibiotics for viral infections, so nothing happens. In Sweden it has fallen a lot, maybe not so common anymore. Internationally, we are good compared to many others.
According to Malin Grape, progress is underway, but because resistance is part of bacterial evolution, it may not stop completely.
– The excess that has taken decades has caused a big increase. Bacteria that hold benefits because other bacteria die, so they can share this good quality from their perspective. Bacteria adapt to the environment, he said.
Fewer factors Printed recipes are used to reduce antibiotic use according to Axana Haggar.
– Everyone must help. Health care, food and pharmaceutical industries. But then it is very important to work preventively. We have seen positive developments in developing and following the rules for hygiene in hospitals and the like. If you don't get an infection, you usually don't need antibiotics, "he said.
If antibiotic resistance continues to increase, Malin Grape will have major consequences.
"As a result, you cannot prevent infection in ways that are needed for advanced health care, it is very difficult to do certain operations or, for example, chemotherapy, then it can be very risky. You have seen the consequences of increasing morbidity, mortality and costs.
Even though there are developments Looks tough, there's mild glue according to Axana Haggar.
"I am positive because we have started talking about this while it has been raised to the highest international level, it will be necessary that all countries work together for bacteria not to feel the limits.