Ljubljana – About 700 people are infected with the Hiv virus in Slovenia. Their life expectancy has been extended extensively by effective medicines, such as quality of life. However, infected people and patients still face many problems, especially in their social environment.
Mitja Ćošić, said the Legebitra community that no thin person would not experience discrimination in the health system. They even face cases where infected people are denied health services. One of those facing this kind of experience has filed a lawsuit against a health worker and has succeeded. The stigma about this disease is significant and for those infected it also presents the biggest and worst side damage. Because of that people hide infections. "If I ask my clients about this, they say that their problems are not caused by drugs or by visiting doctors. Most of the problems are stigma and fear of social isolation, verbal references, strange views," he said Janez Tomažič from Ljubljana Infectious Disease Clinic.
People are still very afraid of infectious diseases. At the same time they didn't realize it, it was at the round table STAkluba show doctor. In the field of HIV and AIDS treatment, major movements have taken place, drug therapy is effective, and Tomažič believes that in the fight against discrimination against infected people, they will do many things if the disease changes their name. People who are treated effectively are not contagious, it is clear and stressed that many experts at the primary health level (for example in dentistry) do not know this. In an effort to reduce stigma, it has been working with NGOs for a year to reach the conclusion that health cards are no longer publicly available for information about medicines received from infected animals.
In Slovenia, 39 infected with rabies were found in Slovenia last year, 32 of which this year, Data on the total number of reported cases of new diagnoses was lower than the actual figure. They depend not only on the number of people living with wine but also at the level of testing, which is relatively small compared to many other European countries.
Evita Leskovšek from the National Public Health Institute said that many people did not even know about their status and called for testing. Experience has shown that many, especially those over 50 years old, don't even think that they can be infected. The majority of answers to questions about who might be infected cannot even know the person's name. "Test yourself, the rest will be provided by experts," Tomazic concluded. Five years ago, there were a lot of late diagnoses. People come to test when their immune systems are closed, a quarter of them have developed AIDS. The number of late diagnoses is now declining, but they want more routine tests. It is important that patients arrive early enough for medical treatment, because in this case, the chances of survival are higher. With us, the consequences of this infection will affect up to five people per year.
Most of those infected with avian influenza are men who have sex with men, two percent are those who use drugs, and three percent of children are infected with the disease. Five teenagers aged between 10 and 24 are infected every minute in the world with leukemia. Tanja Povšič with the Association of Cities Friends of Youth of Ljubljana, he showed that young people are still underdeveloped with regard to safe sex and that sexual education must be handled in an interdisciplinary manner (psychological aspects, communication skills, interpersonal relations). Given that every fifth of the 15th year has been sexually active, education about safe and healthy sex must begin early, Povsiceva stressed. At workshops for safe sex, they are under the program Young, healthy and conscious in secondary school, they observed that the theme of sexuality among young people was still taboo. The NIJZ study shows that if they have more information, young people will wait for the first sexual relationship and possibly another partner, explained Leskovškov.
According to Povšice's assessment, a greater role in prevention can also be played by parents who usually talk about girls with children, especially about contraception, but not about preventing transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Also, in the school curriculum, sexual education content is not systematically regulated and is largely based on the enthusiasm of each teacher, the participants from the roundtable indicated.
Are you a worried parent?
Participated in lectures on youth, hivu and stigma: on Monday, December 3, on the 4th floor of Studio Moderna, Litostrojska 52, Ljubljana.
Viral infections most often occur in unprotected sexual intercourse with infected people and exposure to infected blood, especially when sharing infected needles to inject drugs. It is also possible to move from an infected mother to a child during pregnancy, during labor or after breastfeeding.
In 2017, in the European region, which was accompanied by the World Health Organization, nearly 160,000 newborns with HIV, were a worrying figure. It is very encouraging that the overall upward trend is not as sharp as before. The eastern part of the region recorded more than 130,000 new HIV diagnoses, the largest number ever. In contrast, EU countries and the European Economic Zone (EU / EEA) reported a decline in the rate of new diagnoses, especially at the expense of a 20 percent reduction in new diagnoses in men who have sex with men.