Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease – the body's immune system against the body.
About 8,000 patients with multiple sclerosis live in Slovakia. "Their numbers are increasing, which can be caused by early diagnosis and especially by extending the lives of patients," said Jarmila Fajnorová, President of the Slovak Scleroris Multiplex Society (SZSM), for TASR.
This disease affects the central nervous system, brain and spinal cord. That includes among autoimmune diseases, namely those whose immune systems fight the body. In particular, it attacks nerve fibers and damages them.
When someone is embarrassed, it is often said to experience sclerosis. Neurologist Branislav Brezhny, however, explained that there was no sclerosis like sclerosis. If the disease affects the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for mental function, the clinical manifestations of a person with vascular sclerosis are clear. "Multiplex sclerosis is also referred to as multiple sclerosis, because a lot of disease deposits and spread throughout the brain," explained TASR Brezhny.
From the first symptoms to the development of the clinical condition of the disease, it may be several years. Often, the first symptoms are marked by fatigue, weakness and tingling in the limbs. "Patients usually do not pay attention and do not see a doctor because he does not consider this condition alarming," said the neurologist, adding that visual disturbances, urinary disorders, balance disorders, and walking traps appeared in patients.
The cause of the disease is unknown
"Multiplex sclerosis has varying and often fleeting expressions. That is why the diagnosis may not be easy and can confuse the head with an experienced neurologist," Brezhny said, but the most serious problem is limited momentum and fatigue "Patients do not move, they will not enter "Even during small exercises they suddenly weaken and must relax," said Fajnor. For more serious mobility disorders, patients use sticks, French bars, pedestrians and wheelchairs. The impact on the soft handwheel makes it more difficult.
Experts do not know the exact cause of this disease. Infection factors can be viral infections. "There are more than one hundred viruses diagnosed after infection," Brezhny said. Experts estimate that the environment and increased standards of population hygiene, stress, nutritional habits or allergies may be affected. Vitamin D deficiency and smoking, especially in young women, "Brežný added.
Events are more common in women
"Multiplex sclerosis does not occur from one tribe to another, although in families where the disease has occurred, it occurs more often than in the rest of the population," said the neurologist, who appeared in teens and twenties, about three times longer in women. according to SZSM, multiple sclerosis is the most common neurological disorder that causes disability.
As a major advance in the treatment and diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, neurologists consider finding new imaging examination methods and their introduction into medical practice. "Magnetic resonance imaging is now the only imaging method that can confirm damage to nerve fiber packaging. We also map the effectiveness of treatment," Brezhny said.
Progress in research has led to the emergence of new biological treatments that multiplex multiple sclerosis can continue. "In the past, patients were briefly diagnosed with skeletal defects, and women were not advised to have children, but today patients with disease have a full life, are able to care for families, and disabilities have shifted for more than 15 years," said SZSM officials .
The most important thing is the diet
Treatment with modern medicines is financially demanding, but is fully borne by health insurance companies in Slovakia. About 2,000 patients are treated in this country, and in 2016 health insurance companies spent more than 44 million euros. "But patients pay for vitamin supplements and mitigants, such as muscle relaxants or pain," the union said.
"In the Treatment Center for Multiple Sclerosis, we want to have an outpatient clinic in addition to neurological outpatient care, where recurrence of the disease, that is, it suddenly lights up and the clinical condition deteriorates, can be treated immediately. urologists, rehabilitation workers, psychologists. Also sociologists or lawyers. We want comprehensive care in one place that works in several Western European countries, "said Fajnor.
Stretching with other patients is part of psychotherapy
From the Office of Labor, Social and Family Affairs, patients can receive donations for various compensation assistance, repair apartments for barrier free or for purchasing cars needed for individual transportation, depending on the level of disability. At a Social Insurance Company, he can apply for an invalid pension.
SZSM includes 25 clubs in Slovakia. For their members and others, they mainly organize educational activities and workshops on various physical activities with practical demonstrations. Also living reconditioning. "Meeting patients with multiple sclerosis is part of psychotherapy," Fajnor added. An integral part of SZSM's annual activities is visibility, competitive examination of the abilities and skills of persons with disabilities, as part of the annual activities of SZSM. again.