More than 90 percent of all diabetes cases in the world are second type of diabetes mellitus, which, according to experts, affects especially lifestyle and environment.
It was once said to be diabetes, but it was present in children and adolescents. "The most important factors in developing type 2 diabetes are being overweight and obese," said Deputy Chair of the Slovak Diabetes Society (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that the cause of obesity and obesity in young people is poor food with high energy consumption, excess low fiber foods.
"We talk about what is called Coca-Colonization of the Lifestyle," said Schroner. An important factor is, according to him, has become a lifestyle for children. The incidence of type 2 diabetes differs in various countries. We can say significant improvements in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, the second type of diabetes mellitus is most often found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western European countries, but according to Schroner, an increase in the number of cases also occurred in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is still rarely present. "But we are worried that this situation will get worse," he said.
Basic prevention and treatment are not drugs, but non-pharmacological actions, namely a healthy diet and exercise. "The big role of being a parent leads children to live well. It's important for children to have their physical activities entertained, so a good choice is not to exercise on a bicycle, but for example skating, dancing or dogging, " said Schroner. However, he added that it was important for diabetes to become an entire community.
"Genes allow second type of diabetes, but they don't work," said Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for this disease to occur. "Risk factors such as the incidence of diabetes in direct family relationships or an increase in blood sugar in the past are important. Increased risk also occurs in women who have had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past or in the past, " add Doničová.
Patients with several risk factors must be tested once a year. Even in patients who do not have risk factors, it is recommended to test blood sugar levels every three years. According to the 2002 Diabetes Prevention Program, people who have high blood sugar levels reduce the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared to patients who do not have active substances. Physical activity reduces the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," said SDK chairman Katarina Rašlová. It also considers it important to increase public awareness about healthy food.