Italian filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci died
Italian director Bernardo Bertolucci, whose films include "The Last Tango in Paris" and "1900", died in Rome at the age of 77, Italian media reported Monday.
Regarded as one of the Italian and world cinema giants, Mr Bertolucci is the only Italian to win an Oscar for the best film, winning an award in 1988 for "The Last Emperor".
The biography of the last Chinese emperor won a total of nine Oscars, in all nominated categories.
The filmmaker became famous for his 1972 erotic drama "The Last Tango in Paris", with Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider, who presented a controversial sex scene involving butter.
He has been in a wheelchair for several years and has won the Palme & Or honor for all of his work at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.
The former festival president Gilles Jacob said he was saddened by the death of "the last emperor of Italian cinema, the ruler of all epics and adventures".
"The party is over: You have to have two people to tango," Jacob told AFP.
Born in 1941 in Parma, in northeast Italy, Bertolucci produced films that were often politicized, dealing with the workers' struggle in "1900" or the fate of the fascist Italian left in "The Conformist".
Mr Bertolucci admitted that in "The Last Tango in Paris", 19-year-old Maria Schneider did not realize that the character played by Marlon Brando would use butter as a lubricant during scenes where the actor simulates anal penetration.
"The only new thing is the idea of butter. That's what happened, and I learned it years later, disturbing Mary, and not the violence of the scenes imagined in the film script."
"It's really entertaining and scary that anyone can be so naive to believe that what happened on the screen actually happened," he said of the audience.
Maria Schneider, who suffered substance abuse and depression before her death in 2011, said four years ago that she felt "slightly raped" during the scene and was very angry for years after that. has filmed the film.
When asked in 2013 how he wanted to be remembered, Bertolucci told AFP: "I don't care."
"I think my films are there, people can see them," he said during a 3D version presentation of "The Last Emperor" to mark the 25th anniversary of his international release.
"And sometimes I laugh, thinking that I will be remembered as more a talent scout for young girls than as a filmmaker," he said.
The list of stars he found included Dominique Sanda in "The Conformist" in 1970, Maria Schneider in "The Last Tango in Paris" (1972), Liv Tyler in "Beauty Volée" in 1996 and Eva Green, who debuted on the screen at "Innocents" in 2003.