four-wheel drive and rear beam – Autoreview



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Replacing the simple and tedious 323 model on a bright and fun "three", Mazda hit the bull's eye: since 2003, it has produced more than six million cars in three generations. And with the new family presented at the Los Angeles Auto Show, Japan intends to take on new heights: following the Six and CX-5 crossover, the Troika is called to take steps to the famous premium. Well, at Mazda Premium.

Bomb Design! The re-reading and more mature of the Kodo-style ideology implies a philosophy called "Less is more", namely the free translation of "The less, the better." As designers themselves put it, they "shave all the excess" from the surface of the body, making bets not on the abundance of faces and elements, but on the play of light and reflection.

Traditionally, sedan and hatchback models are simultaneously declassified. And they don't just differentiate stems. Remember, the Mazda 3 first generation hatchback and sedan has different body panels to the front hood and fender? The new model version is not so different, but the four-door and five-door front grille and bumper are still different. And if the new sedan has become noticeably bigger than the previous one (the length has grown from 4580 to 4662 mm), then the hatchback, on the other hand, has slightly shrunk (4459 instead of 4475 mm). Wheelbase has grown from 2,700 to 2,725 mm.

The principle of the designer "Less is more" and the interior. The climate control unit and ventilation vents are neatly planted to the front panel without frames and unnecessary stacks. Ergonomics was revised: the steering adjustment range quickly increased by 20 mm (up to 70 mm), the slope of the seat cushion was adjusted, and the transmission lever shifted closer to the front panel, so transfer the hand from it to the steering wheel and return as quickly and as short as possible.

The media system has an 8.8-inch diagonal display, the Bose speaker system with twelve speakers versus eight for standard "music" is offered at an additional cost. And there are also infrared sensors that monitor the driver's eyes and facial expressions: the system detects fatigue or increases abstraction and issues a warning.

Increased visibility: the windshield pillars and their internal plastic layers are thinner, and the "driver" eraser fits perfectly into the frame. The jet washer is now located on a leash from a wiper. Also, Japanese promises significantly increase sound insulation. For this purpose, for example, a "double floor" with a small cavity between the body panel and the inner layer is used, which will reduce noise. The share of super high strength steel (yield strength – 980 MPa) in the structure of body strength increases from 3 to 30%. And the Mazda 3 is the first model of the brand with the driver's knee airbags.

But the main surprise was delivered by the chassis developers. Goodbye, multi-link rear suspension! The new "Troika" has the simplest semi-dependent construction. Shelves preserved in front of McPherson. Of course, it's too early to talk about controlling ability, but the company promises to improve fluency, especially on small bumps.

Mazda has revealed various global engines, but their characteristics are still classified. The main novelty, of course, is the 2.0 liter Skyactiv-X gasoline engine with supercharger drive and SPCCI technology (Spark Plug Controlled Compression Ignition, "compression ignition controlled by spark ignition"). Such machines will have 2.5 "natural aspirated" recoil and 1.5 liter diesel engine efficiency.

But at the same time, families sucked from the current Skyactiv-G family will remain within reach – these are engines 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5, which in the "three" coming out grow from 100 to 184 hp . In Europe, there will be diesel too – this is the new 1.8-liter Skyactiv-D unit, which debuted in the spring on the Mazda CX-3 crossover. The gearbox is the same – six "speed" and "automatic" mechanisms.

And the new Mazda 3 will have all-wheel drive, which previously only relied on cars for the Japanese market. The i-Activ transmission with coupling of rear axle joints is combined with a rear "beam": unfortunately, even such machines are not equipped with independent suspension. The transmission control unit works in conjunction with the G-Vectoring Control Plus electronic system, which distinguishes engine thrust depending on the angle and intensity of the steering, speed and acceleration acting on the car.

The new Mazda 3 will go on sale in early 2019, and North America will be the first market. Closer to starting the company will announce detailed specifications and configurations. And after the sedan and hatchback must appear in other markets. We must be patient, because the updated Mazda 6 arrived in Russia only a year after the premiere in America.

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