If you also count among parents whose children have just started entering kindergarten or school, there is no need to panic!
You should know that childhood diseases are often contagious. They are transmitted by viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms from one sick child to another.
But you, as a parent, as well as special staff of schools and kindergartens, can prevent or help cure childhood illnesses.
Next we present childhood diseases and some useful tips on prevention and treatment for childhood diseases.
Childhood illness The most common affection
Children who have measles (measles) will experience a high fever for three days. Then the fever will go down, and the patient will experience irritation consisting of red dots with a small head. Rujeola affects the whole body, spreads to the hands and feet. Each of these points appears and disappears in about 14 hours. Generally, measles occurs in children under the age of three years.
As a treatment, medications that reduce fever to regulate body temperature must be given, and then it is recommended to provide plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. The incubation period lasts from ten to 15 days.
rubella is one of the childhood diseases with clinical manifestations similar to measles, but to a lesser extent. So the method of transmission is similar to measles, coughing or sneezing. Generally, the rash in this condition is mild, with pink, initially appearing on the face and spread throughout the body.
3. Smallpox / wind ventilation
Some childhood diseases, such as varicella, giving immunity to the body for the rest of your life, which is why only children make this disease in general. Red spots and vesicles that trigger itching usually spread throughout the body.
Affection caused by a virus varicella zoster, occurs especially in the first decade of your child's life. Thus, the child will experience a fever and have symptoms similar to flu, before skin irritation occurs.
Some children may not or almost never maintain skin irritation. As a rule, the bigger the baby, the worse the disease. Varicella can be treated with antihistamine and / or calamine lotion. To reduce fever, you can manage your child with paracetamol, but only after consulting a doctor in this matter.
If spots have been infected with bacteria, antibiotics must be given, too, after consulting a specialist. This disease can last anywhere from ten to 20 days.
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