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A PMS or premenstrual syndrome is a cyclic period before menstruation. This is characterized by a set of physical and emotional symptoms caused by hormonal changes that bring discomfort to a woman's life.

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According to the São Paulo gynecologist, Maria Elisa Noriler, during each menstrual cycle, female organisms experience important changes such as an increase in estrogen and a decrease in progesterone. In addition, nerve cells are affected by the production of female hormones, there is an influence on the monthly increase and decrease in serotonin production – a hormone that gives a feeling of health.

"Cramps, changes in mood and fluid retention are some of the symptoms that may arise, but they depend a lot on women for women, and may be very clear in some or very different in others," explained the specialist.

Thinking about that, Maria Elisa listed some tips on what to do to avoid during the days before menstruation, which could help make this period less turbulent:

Regular physical exercise training: Physical activity, such as bodybuilding and jogging, release endorphins that carry a feeling of comfort and pleasure, relax and help in bowel function. "Another tip is to do stretching activities like yoga, which helps normalize adrenaline levels and control anxiety," advises experts.

Eat right: Bet on wheat, avocados or bananas. These foods are rich in magnesium, nutrition can do more than 300 enzymatic reactions, which help relax the nervous system and muscles. Other vitamins that can help during this period are dark vegetables, which have high calcium levels, are responsible for reducing the colic crisis.

Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages: Alcohol, like chocolate, brings a sense of immediate pleasure, but its concentration accentuates fluid retention, increases irritation and, besides, disrupts a woman's sleep cycle, causing excessive sleepiness or insomnia.

Consuming Whole Carbohydrates: High fiber content in all carbohydrates avoids constipation and some gastrointestinal discomforts that accentuate during PMS.

"Treatment options go according to patient complaints, sometimes it is necessary to prescribe anti-inflammatory or hormonal treatments, so it is very important for consular gynecologists to get greater success in controlling PMS symptoms," Elisa concluded.

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