Many things can eliminate our sleep: problems at home, caring for family, stress at work, death, illness. And to improve the quality of sleep, some people use sleeping pills. But how do you distinguish between insomnia and insomnia?
"Insomnia is when the person has trouble falling asleep or having difficulty maintaining sleep or getting up early," explained sleep doctor and neurologist Dalva Poyares. When insomnia occurs at least three times a week for three months, it is considered chronic.
The acute is far less frequent than chronic and often occurs when life events occur, for example, the death of someone in the family.
This is what happened to health agent Josete Alves de Lima Silva. Nine years ago, a death completely destroyed his mood and sleep. He has a son who was killed. "I'll come, throw myself on the couch, shut up, I'm not interested in anything. I work during the day and at night I can't sleep."
It's been two years trying to overcome insomnia alone. Physical fatigue and emotions begin to interfere with work. "Your day is fruitless. One day you are tired, the next day you are depressed. If you lack sleep, you cannot do your job," said the agent.
That's where he started taking medicine. "After treatment changes a lot. Normal work, I sleep well at night. I don't think I will be without drugs. I depend. Without medicine I can't sleep," Josete added.
Which sleeping pill is addictive?
Many people who take sleeping pills feel dependent. The doctor explained that it was necessary to take into account several factors, such as the type of drug – some more addicts than others. It also needs to analyze the profile of the person – some are more likely to be addicted to drugs.
Professor Larisse Dias Macedo feels dependent on the medicine. The eighteen-hour work added at the end of the marriage had a health impact and he began not to sleep. "I lost sleep, slept two, three hours and worked all day. Sleep was not quality." That was reflected in moods, headaches, migraines.
To control the situation, the teacher looks for a psychiatrist who prescribes several drugs. "I am better, my health is better, I am more willing. Now I sleep five, six hours." But using medicine is not the solution he wants for a long time. "It's a dependency, boring life based on drugs. I want to lie down and sleep. You have to sleep because you are tired, you are sleepy," Larisse added.
When to take sleeping pills?
In both cases (Josete and Larisse), they experienced a lot of pressure. "You can't leave your body without sleep because sleep is very important for maintaining health. In this case, the drug benefits the person," Dalva explained. When you see signs of difficulty sleeping, look for a specialist.
There are several drugs that can help with sleep and the indications will depend on the type of insomnia. However, it is not always necessary to take medication, even though it is chronic insomnia. Use should only be done when sleep deprivation has a huge impact on a day to day basis.
No rules. There are situations where the suspension can be total, cases where it must be gradual and cases where the drug is being changed. It is necessary to observe whether the person can recover without medication. Ideally, talk to your doctor and evaluate the right time to stop taking sleeping pills.
And herbal medicines?
"Some phytomedicines can help in cases of milder insomnia." Valerian, for example, is a herbal medicine that has a sedative, anxiolytic and muscle relaxant effect. It doesn't cause addiction, but a guide is needed before you start drinking it.
Isn't sleep a little bad for your health?
Yes! Sleep less than six hours affects cognition, causes forgetfulness, and affects reasoning and memory. "In the long run, a little sleep does not harm the heart, increases the risk of diabetes and weight gain, can change the body's immunity. There are many consequences. We end up paying high prices."
Tips for anyone who has trouble sleeping
Respect others to sleep! Don't go home making a sound, knock on the door, turn on the light. Shut up, talk.
Relieve sleep thoughts – write down everything that makes you worry in a notebook and leave it on the side of the bed. This can make the head more free.
Do some activities that give pleasure.
Shorten the house lights.