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High Fiber, Yogurt Diet Associated With Lower Lung Cancer Risk

A diet high in fiber and yogurt is associated with a reduced risk for
 lung cancer, according to a study by Vanderbilt University Medical
Center Research published in JAMA Oncology.

The benefits of a diet high in fiber and yogurt have already been
established for cardiovascular disease and gastrointestinal cancer. The
new findings based on an analysis of data from studies involving 1.4
million adults in the United States, Europe and Asia suggest this diet
may also protect against lung cancer.

Participants were divided into five groups, according to the amount
of fiber and yogurt they are consumed. Those with the highest yogurt and
fiber consumption had a 33% reduced lung cancer risk as compared to the
group who did not consume yogurt and consumed the least amount of fiber.

"Our study provides strong evidence supporting the U.S. 2015-2020
Dietary Guidelines recommend recommending a high fiber and yogurt diet, "said
senior author Xiao-Ou Shu, MD, PhD, MPH, Ingram Professor of Cancer
Research, associate director for Global Health and co-leader of the
Cancer Epidemiology Research Program at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center.

"This inverse association was robust, consistently seen across
current, past and never smokers, as well as men, women and individuals
with different backgrounds, "she added.

Shu said the health benefits may be rooted in their prebiotic
(nondigestible food that promotes growth of beneficial microorganisms in
 the intestines) and probiotic properties. The properties may
independently or synergistically modulate gut microbiota in a beneficial

The study's lead authors are Jae Jeong Yang, PhD, a visiting
research fellow from the Seoul National University, South Korea, and
Danxia Yu, PhD, assistant professor of Medicine at Vanderbilt.

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