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HIV / AIDS | Six places in the world that are very close to eradicating this epidemic | Technology and science | Science

Six places in the world have made a big step to eradicate it HIV and can be a model in the fight against this influential disease almost 40 million people in the world, said the specialist.

Thailand, Malawi, Rakai (Uganda), Sydney (Australia), London (English) and San Francisco (United States) is the first site in the entire world to have reached the target 90-90-90 was raised by UNAIDS in 2020, according to a report presented at the 10th World Scientific Conference on HIV (IAS 2019) in Mexico City, where experts from 160 countries participate.

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According to the report "Moving progress on success to end AIDS epidemic", these cities have reached, or in some cases exceeded, this program which covers 90% of the diagnosis, 90% of people with HIV were treated and 90% of the viral load was undetectable.

"This report shows that it ends with HIV "It should not be limited to geographical or demographic aspects," said Greg Millett, vice president and director of public policy for the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR).

Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in the United States, said that "Now we have the tools and the important thing is to make it available to everyone. "

This report highlights the most important actions taken by these cities in an effort to eradicate this disease, which is based, especially on four axes.

One of which is Promotion of HIV testing and campaign access, especially among the groups most affected.

Besides making sure free access to treatment after diagnosis, expansion of evidence-based prevention such as male circumcision, pre-exposure prophylaxis (Preparation) and damage reduction.

In addition, its public health policy is based on human rights and social support along with the program for fighting stigma and discrimination.

Among the places that have achieved these goals are Malawi, a country with few resources that have reached 91% of people know their status and is in care, thanks to innovation and early adoption of preventive measures.

"To eliminate HIV throughout the world, we need to not only a good prevention tool, but strategic investment and public policy"said Adeeba Kamarulzaman, elected president of the International AIDS Society (IAS).

According to specialists, this report will be key in the fight against disease, especially to be taken as: a models for other cities and countries andand how to succeed in fighting this condition.

Within the framework of this conference, the World Health Organization (WHO) presented a report on efficacy and safety DolutegravirAntiretroviral drugs are more effective, easy to use and with few side effects for patients, including pregnant women and women of childbearing age.

Until a year ago, use this drug during pregnancy is used to raise doubts, because it is thought to produce defects in the fetal nerve tube, in addition to serious congenital defects in the brain and spine.

However, it is now known that this drug is combined with others antiretroviral It is safe and that is why the WHO urges the application of this therapy in all countries.

Meg Doherty, department care and care coordinator HIV/ Hepatitis and sexually transmitted diseases at WHO, said that now the big challenge is to make this treatment accessible to the entire population.

In that case, Deborah L. Birx, United States representative from Global Diplomacy in Health, said that in such areas AfricaFor example, around 9 million people need treatment, but most do not have access to it.

"We have to do better work in vulnerable groups. Decision makers must make sure access to care"he said.

Meanwhile, Jacque Wambui, a member of the African Community Consultative Council (Afrocab), said that while progress in care is a big milestone for the population in general and, especially for women, "We must always guarantee access to care".

Source: EFE

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