Celebrated this week, this year's World Diabetes Day, with the theme "Diabetes Affects Every Family," is an opportunity for the Ministry of Health to reveal the numbers related to this disease. In his statement, it was said that around 2 million people aged 18 and over in diabetes suffer from diabetes. Worse, 50% do not know the disease. In addition, the number of diabetic children is estimated to be more than 15,000. In the statement, parental services also showed that "more than 823,000 diabetics were treated in primary health care facilities".
To buy insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs, Anas Doukkali and his department have an annual budget of around 156,700,000 dirhams. In addition, a 15 million DH budget is also dedicated to the acquisition of equipment and medical-technical reagents to ensure diabetes screening and monitoring the metabolism of diabetics. In addition, according to the 2016 global annual report by the National Health Insurance Agency (ANAM), 48% of total expenditure was generated by long-term illness (ALD). Diabetes account for 11% of this fee.
While on the Mediterranean side, assessment is carried out with thoroughness, throughout the world, this effort is also directed towards a better understanding of diabetes as a way to find innovative devices in order to facilitate the lives of victims of this incurable disease. We will first take the direction of the Washington School of Medicine in St. Louis (USA) where researchers have estimated that new diabetes cases in these seven days are a consequence of world pollution. air. The study, published in the journal "The Lancet Planetary Health" last June, also showed that developing countries were the most affected. These include "the current level of pollutant release into the atmosphere permitted in developing countries that is too tight and must be increased. Evidence shows that the current level is still not healthy enough and needs to be reduced," according to medical professor Ziyad Al-Aly in a statement.
Then in Sweden, this is the current classification of diabetes that has made Scandinavian scientists react. They noted that that was not enough. For them, there won't be two types of diabetes, but five. The Swedish study was designed to improve care according to specialists classifying the following types of diabetes: 3 types of severe diabetes, including severe insulin-dependent diabetes, severe insulin deficiency diabetes and ultimately diabetes that is severe and resistant to insulin. In addition, according to Swedish researchers, there are two other types of diabetes that are more benign, namely mild diabetes without real insulin resistance, and age-related insulin aging or aging pancreas.
Finally, in France, great progress has been made by Diabeloop, to market his artificial pancreas, after obtaining approval from the European community. This is an innovative device that can be beneficial for type 1 diabetes patients. How does it work? Enough thanks to the pump, in the form of patches attached to the arms, and sensors placed at the level of the stomach. Information about blood glucose is transmitted to the third part of the artificial pancreas, which is located in the patient's pocket, via a Bluetooth connection and then the complex algorithm analyzes through parameters such as the weight of the person or the speed of action of the patient. insulin, the level of sugar circulating in the blood to be able to automatically adjust the required dose of insulin given by the pump.