On Monday November 19, the World Health Organization (WHO) presented its annual report on the fight against malaria. The number of cases has increased and international organizations have criticized stagnant policies.
► Two million additional cases
In 2017, malaria reached 219 million people worldwide, more than two million a year earlier according to a report published Monday, November 19 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Compared to 2010, the number of cases declined, but overall the trend was stagnant. "We have to change directionsaid the managing director, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. We are not on track to reach two goals: reducing the incidence of malaria and related deaths by 40% from the level of 2015. "
► Five countries for half of cases
This is perhaps the most frightening information in this report: just five countries account for almost half of all malaria cases. A quarter of those infected are in Nigeria, 11% in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), 5% in Mozambique, 4% in Uganda and 4% in India. 200 million patients, or 92%, are in Africa. And these countries are countries where the WHO recorded a strong increase, including Nigeria, Madagascar and DRC. In contrast, India reported three million fewer cases.
► 16,000 fewer deaths in one year
The good news from this report: Malaria-related deaths have fallen. In 2017, 435,000 people died, 16,000 fewer than in 2016 and 172,000 fewer than in 2010. But again, Africa is the hardest continent, while the situation is improving. in Asia. Children under 5 represent the majority of victims. That fact"A toddler dies every two minutes from this preventable and curable disease is not acceptable"Tedros said Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
In Guinea, malaria kills more than Ebola
► $ 3.1 billion invested
In 2017, the number mobilized to fight malaria totaled 3.1 billion dollars, or 2.7 billion euros. More than a quarter of these funds come from the affected countries themselves, even though the United States remains the biggest contributor with $ 1.2 billion invested (€ 1 billion). Africa has absorbed three-quarters of this fund. But " investment levels in the fight against malaria remain inadequate "said WHO, which wants $ 6.6 billion (€ 5.7 billion) per year by 2020 to roll back malaria.
► 624 million impregnated mosquito nets
The main prevention tool for malaria, 624 million insecticide-treated bed nets were produced between 2015 and 2017, of which 552 million were distributed through programs to help this disease. The WHO estimates that half of the population at risk in Africa are now sleeping under mosquito nets, but this number only rises slightly. "At the same time, parasitic resistance to antimalarials and insecticide mosquitoes threatens future progress"warn the organization.
The first malaria vaccine tested in real conditions
Audrey Dufour (with AFP)