The automaker every year proposes to choose from a new line of cars that continues to grow, which not only includes new segment models, but also new engine technology. In addition to diesel and gasoline engines, customers are also more likely to choose a model with a hybrid system. Which option is the most economically attractive?
"Today, greening is becoming increasingly important, and car makers are being asked to match their models with tighter carbon emissions. Innovations in internal combustion engines and new power plants make it possible to offer models that are less polluting and more economical. When deciding to buy a new car "You need to consider not only the type of fuel used by him, because the long-term belief that the diesel model always pays is not always right now," said Tomas Pulikas, Swedbank director of Consumer Loans and Automotive Finance.
According to T. Puliko, today around 2 of the 3 new passenger cars sold in Lithuania consist of gasoline-driven cars. The rest is dominated by models with diesel engines, and some percent of all sales come from hybrid or electric cars. In addition to car brands and special model attributes, two other important factors that influence the purchase of any car are operating costs and costs.
How do you evaluate cars with different technology machines according to these criteria? To make a more objective assessment, one of the most popular versions of German manufacturers, gasoline, diesel and hybrids can be used as a comparison.
The price of the same model is a difference of up to 50%.
"If you decide to buy this model, at least you will pay for the version with a 1.4-liter gasoline engine – the price of the new model is around 28 thousand euros. To take advantage of the offer of standard car rental and buy this car in five years with 30%. , You have to pay around 302 euros in one month ", – commented T. Pulyk.
If the population chooses to choose a model with a diesel engine and similar dynamic characteristics, it will cost around 32 thousand. euro or 14% more expensive. Thus, monthly rental payments of EUR 345 will increase.
Finally, a hybrid model with rechargeable batteries currently costs 50%. more for models with gasoline engines, and payment of monthly rent under the above conditions will amount to 435 euros. However, hybrid systems are far more productive than internal combustion engines, routine operation and maintenance of such cars is cheaper than diesel or gasoline models.
Lower costs offset the initial price?
According to T. Puliko, the average fuel consumption of hybrid models is very low and, according to manufacturer's data, amounts to 1.6 liters per 100 kilometers. The average fuel consumption of the diesel model is almost 3 times higher and reaches 4.6 liters, while the gasoline model is 5.1 liters.
"Final operating costs are determined not only by technical characteristics but also by distance traveled. Because cars drive more kilometers per year, cost effectiveness becomes more important. For example, if you drive around 10,000 cars a year. It costs around 637 euros, diesel – about 565 euros, and hybrids – around 200 euros, according to fuel prices in effect in mid-November, according to gasoline fuel consumption, said T. Pulyk.
In the midst of evaluating combined monthly rental payments and average fuel costs, the gasoline model remains the cheapest option you have to pay around € 355 per month. At that time, the cost of renting diesel fuel and fuel consumption would cost € 392 per month, with a hybrid model of around € 450.
T. Pulikas shows that if the distance of a year is much higher and reaches, for example, 25 thousand. the attractiveness of a more cost-effective model will increase. But even in this case, the gasoline model is the cheapest option – total monthly rental payments and fuel costs reach around 435 euros. And the costs for diesel and hybrid models are similar – in both cases they amount to around 470 euros.
Additional advantages of hybrid models
This calculation is based on the producer fuel consumption. In reality, they can vary depending on driving style or driving conditions. For example, the benefits of hybrid models can further expose more time while driving around the city, while driving diesel models for more time traveling out of town.
"In addition, the hybrid models used in this comparison can be refilled from the electricity network. Regularly using this option will make the operation even more expensive. It is estimated that the use of 100 km of electricity only costs around 2 euros. Diesel or gasoline must spend 2-3 more times. Still some arguments for hybrid models – from time to time, they maintain higher values, and some of the mechanical elements they use are slower than the standard model, "Q. Pulyk stressed.
Despite the efficiency of hybrid models, their high prices still do not dampen the economic appeal of diesel, and especially the gasoline model. When cars are used under normal conditions, a much lower initial price still leads to the use of the new gasoline engine model now to be the most financially attractive alternative. However, car makers continue to invest in developing hybrid and electric models, but the situation can change in the near future in planning an incentive scheme for government purchases of these cars.