Tuesday , January 19 2021

This year, fewer new HIV cases were diagnosed, mostly through sexual contact


To mark World AIDS Day, medics from the Center for Infectious Diseases and AIDS (ULAC) are pleased that the number of new HIV cases diagnosed this year is more than one-fifth less than in the same period last year.

According to ULAC monitoring data, 104 new cases of HIV infection were diagnosed in Lithuania within 11 months, 74 of them in men and 30 in women. This is 30 fewer cases compared to the same period last year.

According to the possible modes of transmission, every second person infected with HIV this year had sexual intercourse – the majority (42) during heterosexuality and 10 – during homosexual intercourse; Another 25 people have been infected with injecting drugs this year. The possible modes of HIV infection in 27 people have not been identified.

By district, this year the largest number of new HIV infections registered is in the Vilnius area (44), followed by Klaipėda District – 16 cases, Kaunas – 11, Šiauliai – 7, Panevėžys – 6, Alytus – 5, Marijampolė – 4, Tauragė – 2, Telšiai – 2 and in the Utena region – one case and an unknown residence – 2 people. Four foreigners infected with HIV have been diagnosed in Lithuania this year. The highest number of people living with HIV / AIDS was found in the 35-39 year age group.

Total until December 1. There are 3427 HIV-infected individuals registered in Lithuania, where 3.7 times more men than women – 2703 men and 724 women, respectively.

LIFE Situation in Europe

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, the number of newly diagnosed people living with HIV in Europe has increased by 19% over the last decade (2010-2019), while in EU / EEA countries, new HIV cases have increased. decreased 9% over the same period. According to WHO, the number of people living with undiagnosed HIV infection is increasing in the European region, whereas the opposite trend is seen in EU / EEA countries, namely a decrease in the number of people who are not aware that they are infected with HIV.

According to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, more than 136,000 people were diagnosed in Europe last year. new HIV cases, of which about a fifth (20%) are in EU / EEA countries and the majority (80%) in eastern Europe. In Western and Central Europe, the rate of HIV infection among newly diagnosed cases is dominated by men who have sex with men – 40% each. and 27 percent. all new HIV cases were registered in 2019. Meanwhile, in Eastern Europe, the majority (69%) of new HIV infections reported last year were through heterosexual intercourse.

A report from the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control notes that every second (53%) of last year’s HIV diagnosis was made in the late stages of HIV infection, when the immune system is damaged. This is a sign that testing strategies in the European region are not working well to diagnose HIV early and prevent the spread of HIV when people are not even aware of the infection.

Pasaulyje IMMEDIATE situation

According to the United Nations AIDS Program (UNAIDS), in the world in 2019 there are only 38 million left. Most of the people infected with HIV (36.2 million) were adults and 1.8 million were children. During the last ten years (2010-2019), the number of people living with HIV in the world has increased, but the number of new HIV infections has decreased every year. Over a decade (compared to 2010 compared to 2019), 23 percent of the world had reduced the number of new HIV cases by 39%. reduced AIDS deaths by 52 percent. a decrease in new HIV cases among children.

According to UNAIDS, 26 million people are currently receiving HIV treatment – antiviral therapy. people. Over the past decade, there has been a 3.2-fold increase in the number of people receiving HIV treatment for HIV-infected people worldwide. Antiviral drugs for the treatment of HIV disease do not cure HIV disease, but they effectively inhibit HIV reproduction in the body so that HIV disease does not develop and the quality of life improves. Every day, 4,500 new cases of HIV infection are diagnosed worldwide, mostly in Africa.

Information from the Center for Infectious Diseases and AIDS

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