Every second person in the world who has diabetes does not know that he has this disease. Lithuania has more than 100,000 people with diabetes. According to the doctor, because of type 2 diabetes, a person does not feel symptoms, therefore, a routine examination must be done.
Inspections should mainly be obese, abuse unhealthy foods, move a little. However, the first type of diabetes can even cause young, slim and healthy people. This is told at the DELFI TV studio.
Aiste Jakimavičiūtė-Bikauskei is currently 28 years old, and has the first type of diabetes for 10 years.
"During these years I have experienced all kinds of things – bullying at school, lack of understanding of school staff, but also new technology adapted to manage this disease," Aistė told DELFI TV studio.
– Education is very important in matters relating to health. I.e. We can eat disease when we understand it, otherwise we can't do anything. Diabetes is a very malignant disease because today I don't feel bad, but after 20 years it can end up very sad, so it's very important to talk about it. That is why I want to share knowledge with people I have gotten myself. "
Elva Ramaškienė, a pharmacist at Eurovision, said that all those diagnosed with diabetes in the family changed their diet, regime. "Not only for someone diagnosed with the disease," said the pharmacist.
What Is Diabetes And What Are The Different Types Of Diabetes?
According to Aistes who is treated with diabetes, the most common myth is that diabetes is getting sick due to excessive sweating management in childhood. "People think diabetes is directly related to it," Aiste said.
VUL Santaros Clinic, Endocrinologist Modesta Petravičiūtė, says diabetes mellitus is a disease in which blood glucose is present.
"The pancreas produces the hormone insulin which regulates blood glucose. This lowers blood glucose by transferring it to cells, and thus gets energy. When there is diabetes mellitus, insulin does not have insulin in first type diabetes or absolute deficiency. The first type of diabetes is a disease that affects pancreas and not insulin, said endocrinologists.
– Type 2 diabetes usually occurs due to obesity, also if you are sick, without moving. When weight is high, insulin resistance develops in the body. This means that cells need more insulin to allow glucose to enter. A person needs fewer normal contractions, and a fat person needs more. As a result, at first, the person still feels good because the pancreas produces too much insulin because it needs more.
Finally, pancreatic function disappears at a certain time, insulin decreases and then the second type of diabetes develops. Both the first and second cases of diabetes are caused by genetics. This is a complex disease, which is determined both by genetic and environmental factors. "
Doctors said that it was unknown why people developed the first type of diabetes.
"Think differently – viruses, genetics, but the exact cause is unknown. There is a genetic predisposition, but it is not known why it develops," the doctor said.
According to doctors, the risk factors for the second type of diabetes are changed – start exercising (it is recommended to move at least 30 minutes a day to increase heart rate), a balanced diet, and adjust cholesterol levels in the blood. When weight drops, blood pressure also decreases.
Pharmacist E. Ramaškienė said that the first type of diabetes is difficult to detect in these days, however, the first symptoms must be examined:
- frequent urination;
- weight loss
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
The faster a person is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, the better. "The symptoms last for several months before the patient is finally forced to go to the hospital, undergo reanimation and be diagnosed with the disease," said Dr. Petravičiūtė,
When it gets worse, the taste of acetone is felt in the mouth.
"In adults, the symptoms appear milder, they do not pay attention to such children, so it is sometimes recommended to check blood sugar levels prophylactically. It is believed that people experience an increase in blood glucose, but there is no diabetes, and the disease can avoid this, drugs and diets are adjusted, endocrinologists say.
"At first, health can still be cured, but have second type of diabetes, as in the first case, you have to have insulin and the like. There is no turning back," said Aiste, a diabetes patient.
"As is known, 80% of people with type 2 diabetes die from cardiovascular disease, because everything is very neglected," said E. Ramaškienė.
Find out more about diabetes mellitus while watching posts.
It is strictly forbidden to use information published by DELFI on other websites, on the media or elsewhere or to distribute our material in several forms without consent, and if approval is obtained, it is necessary to show DELFI as a source.