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Attention to Oral Health & # 39; Hormone Changes & # 39; in the Women's Life Cycle



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▲ Women will have more dental problems than men when changing hormones. Ⓒ Gigi Udy

Changes in the body are directly related to health. Even if you strive for a healthy lifestyle, your body can easily change if your food intake or lifestyle patterns change suddenly. Hormonal changes affect the immune system and affect health.

In particular, as women grow, they experience hormonal changes faster than men. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, which have major changes in hormones that affect oral health, are the three main problems in women's oral health.

This is the right time to maintain dental health. Especially during menopause, the condition of the gums has a big effect on tooth loss and implant success rate in old age.

Puberty and fear of periodontal disease due to increased sex hormones

According to the Korea Health Insurance Assessment & Assessment Service, in 2018, the sex share of caries patients is 52.6% (around 3.30 million), 5.2% higher than 47.4% (around 278 million) male .

Jin Se-sik, president of Udy Gangnam Dental Clinic, said, "Many female caries patients tend to be more active in dental examinations than men. I will suffer more. "

At puberty, sudden secretion of sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can cause periodontal disease. This is because sex hormones act as nutritional factors to expand the blood vessels of the gums and multiply the bacteria that cause periodontal disease. Because of this, food debris, plaque, tartar, etc. Due to swelling and inflammation of the gums.

Women have more severe symptoms of periodontal disease than men because of hormonal effects after each menstrual cycle. Therefore, during puberty and teeth and routine checks should take care of your teeth and gums.

Pregnant women, gestational periodontitis can be too early

Pregnancy is also a time of rapid changes in hormone secretion. During pregnancy, appetite is active and often eats, but they neglect to brush their teeth due to morning sickness or dull movements. For this reason, tooth decay or pregnancy periodontitis can occur.

Pregnancy periodontitis is experienced by about half of pregnant women, and if worse, it can develop into a very severe inflammatory tumor at the end of pregnancy and there is a risk of premature or low birth weight. To prevent tooth decay and gestational periodontitis, it is recommended to complete the treatment of tooth decay, periodontal disease, and wisdom teeth extraction during pregnancy.

You should brush your teeth carefully during pregnancy, and if you feel sick because you have bad morning sickness, you can only brush your teeth with clean water without toothpaste. If you have a toothache during pregnancy, you should be careful going to the dentist, but after 3 months of pregnancy, it is better to consult with a specialist rather than delay treatment.

Menopause weakens teeth with osteoporosis

During menopause, female hormone secretion and body fluids decrease. This causes dry mouth, which makes you uncomfortable when eating or talking. Osteoporosis can also weaken teeth and alveolar bone.

Dry mouth can get worse if you use hormones to treat menopause symptoms. Reducing antibacterial salivary secretions exacerbates periodontal disease. In addition, stomatitis and loss of taste are also common symptoms during menopause.

Chairman Jin Se-sik said, "During this transition from middle age to old age, teeth and gums must be prevented from breaking down. "That's a good idea to get treatment or other chronic diseases too."

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