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What it means to live without smell Invisible disease with devastating effects – Corriere.it



Losing the sense of smell or experiencing olfactory dysfunction is not uncommon at all. Before the arrival of the novel coronavirus (loss of taste and smell one of the early symptoms of infection) it was estimated that one in 20 people experienced a loss of smell at some point in their life. Cause? Chronic sinusitis, damage caused by viruses (especially colds and flu), even head trauma (which can damage or damage the olfactory nerve fibers), polyps, tumors. Sometimes it signals the start of nervous system diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. The sense of smell is one of our five senses but is often considered a B series. There are eyeglasses to treat visual impairments and hearing aids to treat hearing loss, but no medications to restore the sense of smell and also somewhat limited research. The Covid epidemic has highlighted the importance of our fifth sense, which is often overlooked. Many experience, though mostly only temporarily, the sensation of living without smelling and tasting. And maybe this experience can help make everyone feel more empathetic towards those who have to live with this deficiency forever.

The mechanism

L ‘anosmia that completely lost the smell. L ‘iposmia partial loss of smell. Most people with anosmia can taste salty, sweet, sour and bitter substances, however failed to distinguish certain flavors. The ability to distinguish between tastes actually depends on smell, not the taste receptors on the tongue. Therefore, anosmia sufferers often complain of experiencing pto the senses and not enjoying food. Loss of olfactory receptors due to aging results in reduced olfactory capacity in the elderly. Taste perception begins to change around the age of 60 and at the same time the sense of smell decreases (and olfactory receptors decrease error). With increasing age, the sensitivity threshold to sweet and salty also increases. In fact, older people tend to use more salt and more sugar.

Questionnaire

But what does losing your sense of smell actually mean?

To understand the problems faced by people with loss of smell, a group of researchers from the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK, analyzed the personal stories of 71 patients who had anosmia. Written account highlights relationship difficulties, meonly, difficulty finding help. Many have reported toThe doctor’s attitude is negative and superficial facing this situation, it is difficult to get advice or treatment.

Limits in everyday life

The inability to smell places an objective limitation in everyday life: the patient I can’t feel the possibility of a gas leak or to understand that a stale food. But the sense of smell not only saves life, it can enhance it by helping you enjoy the taste of food, exploring the environment, and reliving memories. Smelling perfume can remind a loved one, but this experience cannot be experienced by someone who does not have the fifth sense. Studies from the United States and Scandinavia show that olfactory dysfunction increases the risk of death, regardless of dementia. Our research – explains the article on The Conversation Carl Phipott, Professor of Rhinology and Olfactology at the University of East Anglia suggests that anosmia is caused physical problems. Due to the lack of pleasure to eat, some study participants explained that their appetite was reduced, resulting in weight loss. The decreased perception of taste also causes some people to take foods with low nutritional value, especially those rich in fat, salt and sugar.

Emotional aspect

The negative emotional aspects experienced by anosmia sufferers, among others shame, sadness, depression, worry. Volunteers talk about everyday problems such asPersonal hygiene (can’t tell if they have an unpleasant smell), files lose intimacy until the breakup. Some attendees reported not enjoying events that should be a reason for celebration. Not to mention the inability to associate smells with happy memories, which turns out to be very frustrating. Many experiences fail to be fully enjoyed and lived and especially asomi does not arouse empathy and is not widely understood by those who do not suffer from it. Perhaps the coronavirus epidemic has helped to shift attention to the fifth notion, although unfortunately, even at this time, there is no specific treatment for permanent anosmia.

6 December 2020 (change 6 December 2020 | 12:56)

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