HARIANHALUAN.COM – After a search and support for extraterrestrial life, NASA found water on the Moon and was interested in setting up a base there. Previously, the US space agency unveiled conclusive evidence of water findings in Earth’s only natural satellite.
“The detection of water molecules is unambiguous,” NASA said, prompting them to build bases on the Moon for future space exploration.
The aim is to ensure the base’s sustainability by making use of the Moon’s natural resources. The findings have been published in two reports published in the journal Nature Astronomy.
Quoting BBC News, Sunday (6/12/2020) the first findings of water on the moon came from the infrared telescope known as Sofia. Using an infrared telescope, the researchers marked the elements of water molecules.
Researchers estimate that the water molecules are stored in glass bubbles or among the grains on the moon’s surface, protecting it from the harsh environment.
In another study, scientists looked for areas in the Sun’s shadow permanently where water could be captured and permanently stored. They found these cold traps at both poles and concluded that about 40,000 square kilometers of the lunar surface have water-trapping capabilities.
NASA itself has an Artemis program whose goal is to send male and female astronauts to the Moon in 2024. They want to study the Moon as a transit point between Earth and Mars.
NASA also plans to send astronauts to Mars in the 2030s. However, they need a transit point to make travel to Mars easier, rather than a non-stop flight from Earth to Mars. The last time NASA sent astronauts to the Moon was Apollo 17 in 1972. Since then, although space technology has become increasingly sophisticated, there has never been a mission to land astronauts on the Moon.