The fight against antibiotic resistance will receive 40 million euros of investment, announced Wednesday, the Minister of Higher Education and Research, Frédérique Vidal, at the intergovernmental symposium on antibiotic resistance.
This program will be coordinated by Inserm. This involves "understanding the mechanism of appearance and the spread of resistance and finding new therapeutic targets".
Meanwhile, the Health Ministry launched a logo to warn about excessive consumption of antibiotics, which made France the sixth European country most affected by antibiotic resistance with 125 000 infections and 5 500 deaths, after Italy, Greece, Romania, Portugal and Cyprus.
A study published earlier this month in The Lancet Infectious Diseases estimated that 33,000 people died from antibiotic-resistant bacteria in 2015 in the European Union.
Heavy health burden
These resistant bacteria not only endanger lives, but also burden the health system: they can generate up to $ 3.5 billion in annual spending in 2050 in each OECD country, according to a report. report published on November 7, more than flu, AIDS and tuberculosis.
In France, the first major campaign against excessive consumption of antibiotics since 2002 was the slogan "Antibiotics are not automatic". The country aims to reduce antibiotic consumption by 25% by 2020.
Over ten years, overall antibiotic consumption in urban medicine has increased from 28.6 doses per 1,000 population in 2007 to 29.2 doses / 1,000 in 2017. 93% of antibiotics were used in urban medicine and 7% in health facilities ( where consumption is stable).
On the other hand, in the field of animal health, great progress has been made. The relationship between human and animal health consumption even reversed: in 2017, he sold 759 tons of antibiotics in human health to 499 tons in animal health. Between 2007 and 2017, animal global exposure to antibiotics declined by 48%, according to an annual summary published Wednesday by Public Health France.