Spanish-Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa said today that Venezuela is an "example to avoid" for other Latin American countries, given that it shows that dictatorships do not solve problems.
"For whom is a country that has destroyed its economy and from which millions of Venezuelans want to escape even in the most dramatic conditions because they think there is no hope and opportunity for them?" Vargas Llosa asked while speaking at The Hay Festival of Arequipa, his hometown.
Accompanied by Cuban journalist Yoani Sánchez and Peru Rosa María Palacios, the 2010 Nobel Literature Prize said that Venezuela represented "the tragic history of Latin America."
"Venezuela, a country that I love so much, is a case that impressed me." "Five times Venezuela has chosen Chavez when they can vote freely," he recalled.
Peru's Novelis warned that "Venezuela has deteriorated to extremes unprecedented in Latin America."
"There is not yet in Latin America a potentially rich country like Venezuela which is a sad country from which people fled to not die of hunger, despair and frustration," he added.
Vargas Llosa said that millions of Venezuelans had left the country to walk the streets to reach poor countries with problems such as Peru "as if this was heaven, and unlike Venezuela, those countries are indeed true."
The authors of the books "The city and the dogs" and "Conversation in the cathedral", among many other novels from his extensive work, judge that the dictatorship practically disappeared, "except Venezuela, Cuba, and Nicaragua."
"We have a civil administration, often very mediocre or corrupt, but corrupt democracy is better than dictatorship," he said.
Vargas Llosa argues that "democracy can be very imperfect, corrupt and inefficient, but they can be reformed from within with minimal violence."
The Peruvian writer also talks about his latest book "Tribal calling", an essay about a writer who guided him in the transition from socialism and communism that he had defended in his youth to liberalism. EFE