MADRID, December 27 (PRESS EUROPA) –
Health is one of the most concerned aspects of the Spaniards, but it also produces more curiosity. In the case of any symptoms, the internet is quickly used to try to find out what happened.
In this context, the most searched for disease on the internet in Spain during the last 12 months was fibromyalgia, according to & # 39; iSalud.com & # 39;
The term fibromyalgia is recognized by the World Health Organization since 1992. The majority of people with fibromyalgia are women, in an estimated proportion of nine per man, according to the Ministry of Health and marked, he added, with the presence of chronic generalized musculoskeletal pain with low pain thresholds, hyperalgesia, and allodynia .
The Ministry of Health added that in these patients, the presence of chronic pain often co-existed with other symptoms, especially fatigue and sleep problems, but it might also include paresthesia, joint stiffness, headache, feeling of swelling in the hands, anxiety and depression, concentration problems and memory. Natural course
Chronic fibromyalgia, with fluctuations in the intensity of symptoms over time.
In rank, diseases that cover the top 3, are followed by multiple sclerosis and lupus.
– Multiple sclerosis.
Multiple sclerosis is one of the most common diseases of the central nervous system. It is estimated that in Spain there are 47,000 people affected and more than two million in the world, said the Spanish Multiple Sclerosis Association (AEDEM).
This is an inflammatory demyelinating autoimmune disease with an unknown cause and a chronic course caused by damage to myelin, the fatty material that isolates the nerve, acting as a cover of an electrical cable, which allows the nerves to send impulses quickly, AEDEM explained.
Depending on the level of injury, the lack of communication between neurons can be temporary, take a while to recover, or be permanent. The most frequent age of diagnosis is between 20 and 40 years, although the onset may be earlier. This affects women at a greater level in the approximate proportion of two out of three. This is not a contagious or deadly disease.
The cause is unknown, but it is accepted that there is a genetic predisposition, which may be common to some family members, and environmental triggers that support the onset of disease in exposed members, concludes AEDEM.
As for lupus, the Spanish Federation of Lupus shows that it is an incurable disease of the immune system, a condition in which our body's defense mechanism begins to attack itself which creates excess antibodies in the bloodstream that cause inflammation. and damage joints, muscles, and other organs.
This disease can have different triggers and can present with very different symptoms, even mimicking other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis. There is no known cause of lupus, although research shows the involvement of genetic factors, hormones, and even viral infections, said the Spanish Lupus Federation. It is believed that 1 percent of the population can suffer in Spain, 90 percent of whom are women, especially between the ages of 15 and 55 years.
Autism, meningitis, pneumonia, plantar fasciitis, endometriosis, dyslexia and psoriasis follow the rank & # 39; iSalud.com & # 39;
"Although there are no behavioral patterns defined in searches conducted by Spaniards about diseases on the Internet, it was observed that in the top 10 there were diseases that were more related to certain times of the year, such as plantar fasciitis or meningitis, more typically the months of the season heat, or pneumonia, more typical of the coldest period of the year ", explains the CMO of & # 39; iSalud.com & # 39 ;, Jordi Aymar.
"However, diseases that are not related to a particular period this year and which can appear at any time are also registered. This type of search responds more to the desire to expand information about the disease itself, special care or care by patients and family members," he added.
However, when you know what symptoms are associated with any disease, the ranking changes. The most sought-after disease in 2018 is colon cancer. The rest of the table includes menopause, HIV, celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, hiatal hernia, multiple sclerosis, helicobacter pylori, stroke and breast cancer.
"The curiosity of the Spaniards to find out more about diseases that might need special attention with respect to symptoms, however, highlights the existence of several diseases related to stomach problems. In general, digestive conditions are the most common in medical consultations, so it makes sense if they "also appears among the most searches conducted throughout the year on the internet," said Aymar.
For its part, the most sought-after medical specialties in 2018 are Physiotherapy, Osteopathy, Ophthalmology, Gastroenterology, Traumatology, Urology, Speech Therapy, Acupuncture, Neurology and Dentistry.
Aymar has judged that "Spaniards tend to be proactive in their health care and that is why it is common for every symptom they present to find information about it, and decide to go to a medical professional."