Friday, November 23, 2018 – 3:58 noon
Nonetheless, the prevalence of current tobacco use among young people (13 to 15 years) has decreased from 18.3 in 2002 to 7.8% in 2017
Non-communicable diseases endanger the progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), including the reduction of early deaths due to NCDs by 33% by 2030
In the National Prevention Health Census, around 600 thousand people have been registered, with impressive results: 36% of people suffer from arterial hypertension, 14% have diabetes mellitus; 38% of dyslipidemia and 40% are obese and overweight.
These diseases produce heavy disbursement for the State of Panama and for families, increasing out-of-pocket expenditure and economic losses associated with a decrease in productivity.
To promote the prevention of tobacco consumption in our population and increase awareness through continuing education aimed at our professionals, the International Multidisciplinary Congress II on Smoking and Non-Communicable Diseases being held, which seeks to train our employees, one thousand (1000) technical and three hundred ( 300) administration, to increase the knowledge and skills of health workers for comprehensive management of smoking, prevention and control.
During this scientific convention, parallel actions will be taken to stimulate interest in stopping tobacco users.
And to increase people's awareness about the damage caused by the use of cigarettes to humans through activities such as: Photography Contest, Painting Contest, Clinical Case Contest, Work Research Contest, Troubadour Contest, Regional Stand Contest all work under the congressional slogan "Tobacco destroys heart, choose health ".
The Ministry of Health has tried to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases where control of risk factors such as consumption of salt, sugar and junk food is a national priority.
Consistent with this struggle, the regulation of sweet drinks and junk food has been applied in school kiosks.
In addition, we must also apply labeling before food and tax regulations to progress progressively in our National Plan against Social Transmission. About 4.1 million deaths each year are associated with excessive intake of salt / sodium
More than half of the 3.3 million annual deaths caused by alcohol consumption are due to NCDs, including cancer. About 1.6 million deaths each year can be attributed to insufficient physical activity.
Meanwhile, currently in Panama, the prevalence of current tobacco use in young people (13 to 15 years) has decreased from 18.3 in 2002 to 7.8% in 2017. For 2017 the prevalence of smoking is estimated at 3.9%, without significant differences between boys and girls.
And exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke also shows a significant decline, both at home and in public places.