In Chile, 64.3% of homosexuals have been discriminated at least once in their lives and 49.1% have suffered some sort of exclusion in the past year because of their conditions, according to the results of a survey released this Thursday. in Santiago.
This is the first survey of sexual and erotic behavior among men who have sex with men, carried out by the Movement for Integration and Homosexual Liberation (Movilh), where, however, 88.6% admit that the reality of LGBTI people is in Chile has increased in the past 10 years.
However, 78.8% of respondents also believed that the HIV / AIDS prevention campaign carried out by the State was ineffective, although 70.4% believed that it was easy to access information about the virus.
The survey included 1,216 interviews with men aged 15 to 29 who had homo or bisexual practices, who were asked to state their identity numbers to give tighter results.
Polls were extended between November 8 and December 8; The margin of error is 3% and the confidence level is 95%, said Movilh.
Of the respondents, 81.1% said they were unmarried, 11.8% lived together and 1.5% were under the Civil Society Agreement (AUC), while 53.9% said they avoided expressing affection. in public to people he likes for fear of being attacked, threatened or harassed.
For the question "Where do you avoid expressing your sexual orientation for fear of being attacked or threatened?", 40.3% indicated that in public transportation, 33.6% in plazas or parks and 29% in public services 82.6% believed that people who live with HIV / AIDS are discriminated against in this country.
Likewise, 24.3% said that they had a love or erotic relationship with a man living with HIV / AIDS, and 49.4% indicated that they did not, but they would have no problem in having relationships with people with viruses. .
When asked what he would do if he learned that his partner had HIV / AIDS, 44.6% said he would not have sex because of fear, while 53.3% said he would do it.
Regarding prevention in the first relationship with a man, 53.1% indicated that he used a condom, while 40.9% did not use any method.
51.1% said that most of the time they used condoms and 19.6% that they had used condoms since they started their sexual activities, while 7.1% indicated that they never used condoms.
In terms of love life, 34.4% of respondents had sexual relations with more than 30 men throughout their lives, while 24.5% had between 2 and 5 men. 36.1% indicated that in the last 12 months they had had sexual relations with more than 5 people and 35.9% indicated that they had sex "sometimes" with someone they met through an application or online.
The survey results were released by Movilh and Minister of Health, Emilio Santelices, which highlighted that the information provided by this study was "very valuable, because it consisted of the first sample of this type carried out in our country".
Movilh's Health Area Manager, Diego Ríos, stressed that the survey showed "general and real changes between the adult population and young women who have sex with men, and how HIV / AIDS is felt and discrimination based on sexual orientation."
"One reason why HIV is increasing in Chile is because prevention campaigns are not based on real diagnoses, nor do they take into account cultural and personal changes, nor do they analyze the impact of homophobia on prevention," he added.
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