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STUDY: ONE OF EVERY THREE WOMEN HAS ASKED THE VIOLENCE OF COUPLENYA IN AMERICA



AFP Bureau

One in every three women in American countries has experienced some kind of violence from their partners throughout their lives, experts warned on Thursday. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which denounces that change requires continuity of public policy.

According to research conducted by PAHO, the prevalence of physical and / or sexual violence varies between countries and in several countries of this violence affect at some point 14% of women, and in others it can affect almost 60% of the female population, as in the case of Bolivia.

"In our region, partner violence is the most widespread form of violence against women and affects one in three women in America," said Isabella Danel, deputy director of PAHO at a conference in Washington.

For Alessandra Guedes, regional counselor on family violence in PAHO, this is a very broad phenomenon that affects a large number of women, but there is still no support that responds to the magnitude of this problem.

"Even though we already know that the problem has tremendous power and there are interventions that we can implement to prevent it, we still don't have policies or policies that are not funded to see concrete changes", Guedes explained to AFP.

Research conducted from national surveys in 24 countries shows that some types of violence have declined in the past 20 years in Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru.

However, the organization warned that "some variations in the data of these countries are very small and some indicators do not change linearly".

The organization warns that violence against women has many consequences for health, including death, whether due to murder, suicide or diseases related to infection and cases of maternal death.

DEVELOPMENT IN REGIONAL LEVELS

Experts warn about difficulties in obtaining data and show that statistics are based on surveys conducted on groups of women between 15 and 49 years, because questionnaires were taken to measure reproductive health.

"In most countries we cannot measure trends because we barely did one or two studies and we studied this only 20 years ago", Mary C. Ellsberg, director of the Global Women Institute at George Washington University, who participated in the conference, told AFP.

Ellsberg has studied for many years the Nicaraguan case, where he found that there was a huge decline in violence and mainly because of cultural changes, political will from the government and the power of civil society.

In the case of Nicaragua, the partner's physical violence decreased by almost half, changing from a phenomenon that affected 11.9% of women in 1998 had an incidence in 6.1% of women. female population in 2012.

However, experts warn that "when political will disappears, as has happened in Nicaragua, where there has been strong suppression of women human rights defenders, those achievements are in danger of being lost."

"We can never say just because we have seen a decline or we can see that things improve in several aspects, we cannot be satisfied with that, we must continue to advocate", Ellsberg concluded.

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