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Scientists who died in 2018 | ELESPECTADOR.COM



During this year important disseminators and scientists died. Physicist Stephen Hawking and Nobel Prize winner Leon Max Lederman are some of the deceased figures.

Wikimedia – Creative commons

2018 is a surprising year for science: it gives us inspiration, surprise, and, even after learning about the possibility of embryonic gene editing, a few caveats. But that also made us feel a loss. Popular, Nobel Prize-winning scientists and memorable figures such as Stephen Hawking, are some of the people who died in the past few months.

This is a brief summary of the losses we left in 2018.

Stephen Hawking

Source: NASA

On March 14, the world and the scientific community received news that, unexpectedly, had less impact: famous and beloved physicist Stephen Hawking died at the age of 76 at his home in Cambrdge.

Hawking was diagnosed with motor neuron disease (associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS) in 1963, when he was only 21 years old. The doctors only gave him two more years of life. But Hawking has a disease that develops more slowly than usual and lasts for more than half a century. This is enough for the disease to define it and make it a symbol.

However, it is unfair to remember only because of his condition. Hawking has a PhD in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, which specializes in general relativity and cosmology. In addition, he described his theory that black holes emit "Hawking radiation", wrote several popular science books and his story inspired the film "The Theory of Everything".

David Goodall

Source: AFP

On May 10 it was confirmed that ecologist David Goodall had died of suicide assisted in Switzerland. A few days earlier, the 104-year-old Australian scientist announced his desire to end his life with euthanasia.

Goodall is a botanist who was influential in the early development of statistical methods in plant communities. In addition, he worked as a researcher and professor in the United Kingdom, Australia, Ghana and the United States. He is the editor in chief of the 30 volume book series Ecosystems of the World, and author of more than 100 publications.

Leon Max Lederman

Source: Wikimedia – creative commons

Leon Max Lederman, a university professor and Nobel Prize winner in Physics in 1988, died on October 3. Professor Lederman, the son of Jewish immigrants who fled Russia and who had humble origins, was a legend in the world of particle physics and might be famous for creating the phrase "God's particles" in his book. book with the same name.

Charles Kao

Source: Princeton University

The 2009 Nobel Prize for Physics, Charles Kuen Kao, died at the age of 84 on September 25 in Hong Kong. His research on optical fibers in the 1960s revolutionized his field of study and helped lay the technical foundation for the information age.

Kao received half of the 2009 Nobel Physics Prize; the other half were divided between Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith, both affiliated with Bell Laboratories at that time. They have found a semiconductor sensor known as a charge-coupled device, a device behind digital photos and films.

Emilio Yunis

Source: El Espectador

Latin America also suffers from one of its smartest thoughts. On Friday, March 23, Colombian scientist Emilio Yunis, who is considered one of the fathers of genetics in the country, died of a heart attack in Bogota. Yunis obtained a long list of results that enabled her to form names in world science.

Yunis created a Master's degree in Genetics at U. Nacional. Also the first Genetic Institute at the same university. He is a pioneer in the study of maternity and in several branches of genetics: from human and medical genetics to cytogenetics, forensic and molecular genetics.

Paul Allen

Source: AFP

Paul Allen was not a scientist, but his contribution helped shape society as we know it today. In addition to establishing Microsoft with Bill Gates, Allen contributed a large portion of his wealth to scientific research: he financed the Allen Institute for Brain Sciences, the Allen Institute for Cell Sciences, Allen's Telescope Arrays and the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence. He died of cancer on October 15 at the age of 65.

Koko

Source: Gorilla Foundation

The last member of this list is unscientific, finally … it's not even human; However, his intelligence makes valuable contributions to science and broadens our knowledge of animals. We talked about Koko, a gorilla who is famous for his impressive mastery of sign language. Koko died on June 20 while he was sleeping.

The famous primate, besides being the main ambassador of its species in danger of extinction, has become an "icon of communication and empathy among species," said the Gorilla Foundation. "Koko's ability to language and empathy opens the minds and hearts of millions of people," he added.

*This one This article was originally published in N +1, the science added.


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