The Epidemiology Directorate team conducted an epidemiological investigation at María Grande to determine, in the past few weeks, the cause of an outbreak of gastroenteritis affecting almost 30% of the local population according to estimates derived from field studies.
After taking fecal material samples for analysis and detection of viruses and bacteria, the results are known that the outbreak was produced by a virus called norovirus, which is transmitted through consumption of contaminated food or water, and / or person-to-person contact. water, which was analyzed by the city government, located 64 kilometers from Paraná.
The Director of Epidemiology, Diego Garcilazo, said: "The Epidemiology Surveillance Department team is working on site to determine the cause of the increase in the number of consultations for gastroenteritis cases." More than 240 surveys were conducted, and samples were taken. for virological and bacteriological analysis ".
"It has been confirmed in this way that the cases are caused by viruses that are responsible for 50% of the epidemic of gastroenteritis in general," said the professional. He explained: "Norovirus infections occur with nausea, vomiting, liquid diarrhea and abdominal pain, but there are cases without symptoms, and these infections are usually benign, they develop well in two or three days," he said.
"During these weeks we have had dialogues with the hospital director Francisco Castaldo from the Entre Ríos region, Martín Ginestar, and with city officials to be able to fulfill large demands and find out the situation." We can assert that there has been a lot of decline in consultations, "said Garcilazo.
To avoid the spread of this type of virus in populations where it is confirmed that there is an epidemic of gastroenteritis, the Ministry of Health reminds residents of the importance of consuming safe food and water.
Water is considered safe because the condition and treatment do not contain germs or toxic substances that affect health. This can be obtained using bleach (place two drops for every liter of water, three drops for every liter and a half, and six drops for every three liters, let it rest for 30 minutes before consumption); or boiling water for three minutes (from the appearance of bubbles, waiting for it to cool for consumption).
It should be mentioned that, in addition, water must be preserved after making it safe.
For those who have symptoms of gastroenteritis and their condition is confirmed by a health professional, from their health portfolio given the need to prevent dehydration.
It is important to maintain good hydration, especially this summer, because diarrhea and vomiting cause excessive disposal of body fluids.
In some cases it is necessary to supplement the consumption of water with oral hydration salts.
In this case, Garcilazo said: "The most vulnerable groups are children and the elderly, and breastfeeding is very important to maintain hydration and prevent these types of symptoms from worsening or prolonged."