Food in the United States is less secure than in Europe because, according to an analysis by The New York Times, the European Union (EU) prohibits or severely limits many cancer-related food additives that are still used in the United States. bread, cakes, soft drinks and processed foods.
The EU also prohibits the use of various drugs used in livestock in the United States for fattening, in addition to the fact that in Europe there are limited plants and imports of genetically modified foods.
This substance which is still used in the United States is potassium bromate and azodicarbonamide, which is added to baked goods, although some restaurants have removed it under pressure from consumers. Potassium bromate is used to give white flour to flour for bread, cakes, cake dough or pizza.
Other products that are only used in the US. and not in the European Union brominated vegetable oil, which is used in orange-flavored soft drinks and in some sports drinks. The FDA considers it safe in limited quantities, although there are studies that warn that its buildup in the body can cause memory loss, skin and nerve problems.
They are also in this table yellow food coloring, numbers 5 and 6, and red coloring 40, which are associated with loss of attention in children. In the EU they can be used but must be notified to consumers, whereas in the United States it is not necessary and used in popular products such as soy sauce.
The drugs used on farms, in the United States cow growth hormone, which is used by the dairy industry to increase milk production.
The European Union also does not accept ractopamine, which in the United States serves to increase the weight of pigs, cows and turkeys, substances that the FDA says are safe.
"In some cases, food processing companies will reformulate food products for sale in Europe," but will continue to sell them with additional ingredients in the US, acknowledged Lisa Y. Lefferts, a researcher at the Center for Science in the Public Interest. , an organization for food security defense.
In the United States there was an amendment to the 1958 law on food, medicine and cosmetics which prohibited the Administration from approving cancer-related additives, but many substances were problematic before that date and escaped the so-called Delaney amendments.
Despite this there has been little progress, such as when last October the FDA (food safety agency) banned six flavoring substances that cause cancer in animals, thanks to petitions and claims filed by the Center for Science in the Public Interest. and other organizations. Food companies still have two years to remove these substances from their products.