In Argentina, four endemic areas have been identified: North (Salta, Jujuy), Centro (Buenos Aires, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos), Northeast (Misiones) and Sur (Neuquén, Río Negro and Chubut).
Given the possibility of people moving to various parts of the country at the end of the year, from the area of the provincial health portfolio, it is recommended to take the following precautions:
- Prevent mice from entering or making nests at home.
- Close holes in doors, walls and pipes.
- Avoid coexistence with mice and contact with their secretions. Perform cleaning (floors, walls, doors, tables, drawers and cabinets) with one part bleach, each of which contains nine water (let 30 minutes then rinse).
- Wet the floor before sweeping to avoid dust.
- Place gardens and firewood more than 30 meters from houses, cut grass and weeds for a 30 meter radius around the house.
- Ventilate at least 30 minutes before entering closed places (house, warehouse).
- Cover your mouth and nose with a moist handkerchief before entering or breathing.
- Be careful when assigning fans and air conditioners which filters or channels may be exposed to dust, mice or contaminated dirt. If you have to do it, cover yourself with a mask.
- When camping get rid of weeds and rubbish, don't sleep directly on the ground and consume drinking water.
- If live mice are found: use poisons for rodents or trappers to catch them (don't try to touch them or hit them). Check with city authorities if pest control services are available.
- If dead mice are found: spray with bleach along with everything that might have come into contact and wait at least 30 minutes. Then take it with gloves and graves more than 30 cm deep or grilled.
- People who have symptoms of the disease must immediately go to a health facility for consultation and avoid close contact with other people.
The first symptom is similar to the flu: 38 ° C fever, muscle aches, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting abdominal pain, diarrhea without involvement of the upper tract.
Hantavirus is a zoonotic disease (transmitted by animals to humans) by carrying the HANTA virus, transmitted to humans by wild mice, a natural reservoir of infection, which presents chronic asymptomatic infections and eliminates the virus through urine, saliva, and excreta.
Hantavirus is transmitted mainly by inhaling aerosols which are loaded with viral particles, from feces, urine, and saliva from infected mice. Transmission to humans generally occurs when they enter the habitat of rodents in the suburbs and countryside.
There is also evidence of transmission from person to person, and therefore other human secretions and fluids must be considered potentially dangerous.