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Controversy by countries that prohibit Huawei technology, the second largest mobile manufacturer in the world

Huawei continues to accumulate restrictions in various countries.

New Zealand Wednesday is the last country in Indonesia blocked a proposal to use telecommunications equipment produced by Chinese company Huawei because of national security issues.

The telecommunications company Spark wants to use Huawei's equipment in its 5G cellular network in New Zealand, but a government security agency said the agreement would carry significant risks.

This step is part of a growing push for the participation of Chinese technology companies in security issues.

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What's the fear?

Some governments don't believe in Chinese technology because They worry that Beijing will force companies like Huawei to help to the authorities to get access to industry secrets and other confidential information.

Huawei phone.
Huawei and ZTE companies represent a high risk of espionage, warned some experts.

In particular, there are concerns about espionage risk by China, some experts claim.

Tom Uren, a member visiting the International Center for Cybernetic Policy at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, said the Chinese government "clearly showed intention to steal information for years."

"China has been involved in a large number of types of espionage including cybernetic and intellectual property theft," he said.

The close relationship between business and government also triggers concern China may try to "use companies related to the state to allow spy operations," Uren added.

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Concerns were compounded by a new law introduced last year that required Chinese organizations to collaborate on national intelligence efforts.

The combination of these laws and the background of espionage increases the danger that countries feel about using companies such as Huawei and ZTE in critical national infrastructure.

"It's hard to argue that they don't represent a high risk," Uren added.

Why now?

Huawei defended itself saying that it was an independent company.

5G networks are being built in several countries and this technology will shape the next wave of important mobile infrastructure.

And because Huawei is the largest telecom equipment manufacturer in the world, the telecommunications company Spark New Zealand plans to use Huawei technology in its 5G network.

But the New Zealand Government Communications Security Office (GCSB) told Spark that the proposal "if implemented, will increase significant national security risks", Explained the company.

New Zealand Intelligence Services Minister Andrew Little said Spark could work with agencies to reduce that risk.

Huawei said: "As GCSB has shown, this is an ongoing process. We will solve any problem and we will work together to find the right path."

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What country prohibits Huawei?

New Zealand's decision to block Huawei for reasons of national security is not isolated.

Australia does the same with Huawei and ZTE so they don't provide 5G technology to the country's wireless network for the same reason.

On the other hand, Huawei defends its independence and say it is a private company. He also offered to build an "evaluation and testing center" where the 5G team could be reviewed by the Australian government.

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At the beginning of this year, United States of America announced restrictions for Huawei and ZTE to bid for contracts in their territory and later it prohibits government or military officials from using calls from these Chinese companies.

Last week, newspaper The Wall Street Journal reported that the US government tried to persuade wireless service providers to avoid using Huawei equipment.

New Zealand is the last country to block Huawei for reasons of national security.

On the other side, on United Kingdom The government says it is still working with Huawei.

"The UK government and telecommunications operators are working with Huawei at home and abroad to ensure that the UK can continue to utilize new technology while managing cyber security risks," a British government spokesman told the BBC.

But a security committee warned that it was there "Limited warranty" that Chinese telecommunication equipment companies do not represent a threat to national security.

Canada It has also conducted security tests since 2013 on telecommunications equipment sold in the country by Chinese giant Huawei.

Likewise, the company is under evaluation Germany, Japan and Korea from the South.

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But there is only one country on Huawei's side: Papua New Guinea

The Pacific State said this week it will continue to advance with an agreement for Huawei to build its internet infrastructure.

The country has received a significant increase in Chinese investment in the past decade.

Since its founding in 1987, Huawei has become one of the leading suppliers of telecommunications equipment in the world.

The company has around 180,000 employees and operates in 170 countries and regions, according to its website.

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