During the last years in Chile, especially between 2013
and 2015, the death rate from cancer showed an increase of 139 cases per 100
thousand residents in 2013, to 143 in 2015; according to the latest figures
managing the Ministry of Health (Minsal).
According to the La Tercera slogan, during the first reign of Sebastián
Piñera, projected to reduce cancer death rates to 97 cases
100 residents in 2020. However, the Minister of Health, Emilio Santelices,
discarded that this projection can be achieved, showing it as one of the causes
increase in risk factors.
In this agent is aging
population, smoking, sedentary lifestyle and obesity. On this last one,
ranking of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
Agriculture (FAO) places Chile as the second OECD country with the highest
obesity, shows that 34.4% of Chileans are over 15 years old
high level of this disease.
In the case of women, breast cancer is presented as
the main cause of death in Chile, this type of cancer is the most
treated by GES, with 37%, followed by cervical cancer with 13%. As well,
If in 1990, 823 women died of breast cancer, in 2015 that number increased to
1,511, which is a 35% increase in 26 years.
Among the risk indicators associated with breast cancer
the age of the patient is found as one of the most important factors,
presents a greater risk in women older than 60 years. On the other hand,
family history and obesity also play an important role in
development of this disease.
Law of Cancer
On October 25 the President
Republic, Sebastián Piñera, announced that they would work on the Law of Cancer,
show as the starting point for implementing National Policy regarding
Cancer, which aims to ensure all Chilean care
appropriate and effective from the State and civil society at that time
face this disease.