Nearly half of Basques will not feel comfortable dating people who are infected with HIV. Only three out of ten people don't mind going out with HIV-positive people, according to the survey: "Does HIV stop being a problem?", Conducted by IAPAC (International AIDS Care Providers Association) with the collaboration of Gilead Sciences.
BILBAO This survey highlights that 62% of respondents in Euskadi believe that people infected with HIV can continue to transmit the virus to other people, even though they have controlled diseases, a third still think it is possible to get a virus by sharing toothbrushes, and 58% of Basque consider HIV as a problem public health.
The survey was conducted last June to 24,212 people over 18 years from 12 European countries, of which more than 2,000 came from Spain, and highlighted "social stigmatization" of HIV, ignorance of disease, and "Discrimination" often suffered by these patients continues to be "a problem important ", although today, with access to the right treatment, these patients can live almost throughout the general population and lead normal lives.
In fact, 36% of Basques stated that they would not feel comfortable working with someone infected with this virus, higher than the Spanish average, which reached 28%. However, only 42% of the people who participated in the Euskadi survey believed that these patients could do all types of work, a percentage higher than the country average (35%). In addition, 35% believe that they should not be able to practice in the health sector.
The HIV stigma also extends to the private environment, because 47% of Basques admit that, in terms of being single, they will not feel comfortable dating someone who is infected with the virus. In the case of Spain, the percentage increased to 55%. Only three out of every ten Euskadi residents (36%) will not mind going with HIV-positive people, compared to 30% of autonomous communities.
This study shows that only 10% of respondents know that when patients respond adequately to treatment and achieve an undetectable viral load, these patients do not transmit the virus. In Spain the percentage rises to 14%.
In addition, more than half of the Basque (62%), eleven points more than 51% of the Spanish average, believe that people infected with HIV can continue to transmit the virus to other people despite controlled infections, and only 49% know that it is very possible to have HIV negative children through natural sexual relations.
On the other hand, a third of Basques still think that it is possible to get a virus by sharing toothbrushes and 67% claim they have never been tested for HIV. Of those who reported having been tested for HIV, 48% did it the last time more than five years ago.
Although condom use is very important for preventing sexually transmitted infections such as HIV, only 31% say they use it every time they have sex with a new partner, 34% say they use it "rarely" or "never", the percentage is much higher than the average Spain (23%).
In addition, 80% of respondents believe that they have no risk of contracting the virus and 31% do not consider it necessary to take the test after having sex without precautionary measures with a new partner.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HIV AND AIDS
The study emphasizes that "it is important to continue the work of public awareness" because HIV infection has been exposed to a virus, but there is no need to develop disease. In this line, he explains that AIDS is a condition caused by the HIV virus that attacks the immune system strongly, stops functioning effectively, but this difference is not known by almost half of Basque (especially 48%).
Likewise, one in five people surveyed (22%) knew that if someone was diagnosed with early HIV and started treatment as soon as possible to achieve an undetectable viral load as soon as possible, they would have a superior life expectancy 59% believed that effective treatment would significantly reduces the possibility of developing AIDS.
This survey highlights that 69% of Basques believe that in Spain the HIV virus is under control. In addition, he noted, although knowledge in Spain about HIV is "limited" and it is necessary to continue with the work of increasing population awareness, "the level of awareness and trust" in the above treatment. from the average European countries.
58% of Basques coincided with regard as a public health problem compared to 64% of the Spanish average, and 83% considered it a priority to allocate public funds to fight HIV, as well as the country's average.