OTTAWA – The employment gap between new arrivals and Canadian-born workers continues to narrow as immigrants form an increasing percentage of the Canadian workforce, new data from Statistics Canada said.
According to a December 24 report from Statistics Canada, the immigrant unemployment rate was the lowest since 2006, when the first data began to be collected.
The unemployment rate for working-age immigrants in Canada is 6.4 percent in 2017. In contrast, the unemployment rate for Canadian-born people is five percent in the same year.
The study, released on December 24, saw Canadian labor market data between 2006 and 2017. Specifically the findings were based on data from the monthly Labor Force Survey, which focused on land immigrants aged 25-54 years, known as "core workers". age."
It was found that in 2017 the employment rate of working-age immigrants rose to 78.9 percent, the highest since Canadian data agents began tracking the level of newcomer jobs.
This is different from the level of employment of people born in Canada, which reached 84 percent in 2017.
Overall, immigrants currently constitute 26 percent of the Canadian workforce, with Canadian-born workers forming another 74 percent. The number of immigrants in the Canadian workforce continues to grow, while the share of the workforce consisting of Canadian-born workers has declined.
"Much of the growth in immigrant work is in professional, scientific and technical services; finance, insurance, real estate and leasing services; manufacturing and health care and social assistance," the report said.
Immigrants to Canada are also more likely to be university educated than Canadian citizens. In 2017, 49.5 percent of the immigrant workforce had a bachelor's degree, while 30.3 percent of Canadian-born workers had bachelor's degrees.
Among the other main findings from this report:
The majority (66 percent) of national employment growth between 2016 and 2017 is due to immigrants aged 25-54 and Canadian-born workers aged 55 years and over;
In 2017, immigrants from the Philippines had the highest employment rate (88.5 percent) of all groups followed by European-born immigrants (85.7 percent); African-born immigrants have the lowest employment rates of all groups, namely 72.5 percent in 2017;
Among university-educated immigrants, half of employment growth in 2017 is caused by immigrants who have been in Canada for more than a decade; and
Nearly a third of all 2017 job gains are caused by immigrants who have been in Canada for five years or less.
"Immigration plays an important role to help meet the challenges of our labor market, grow local businesses and create jobs for Canadians," said Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Ahmed Hussen in a tweet about StatCan figures.
He also said that work is the key to the successful integration of newcomers to Canada.
Job data by region
This study also shows that all provinces have experienced an increase in core age immigrants since data collection began in 2006.
British Columbia and Ontario continue to have the largest share of immigrants, while Alberta and Saskatchewan have both experienced significant increases in core immigrants since 2006.
Canada's Atlantic portion of the elderly population comprising immigrants remains the lowest nationally, at 6 percent in 2017, up from three percent in 2006.
Among the major metropolitan areas, in 2017 Toronto has the largest share (37 percent) of Canada's old immigrant population, although this percentage dropped from in 2006 (42 percent). Meanwhile, other major cities such as Montreal, Calgary and Edmonton have seen an increase in the number of immigrants who make up their workforce.
The report estimates that coming in 2036, almost half of Canada's population will consist of immigrants and second generation individuals.