New Delhi, Nov 18 (IANS) Antibiotic-resistant infections spread in India, killing more than 58,000 children every year, while uncontrolled disposal of urban waste into water bodies affects life and the aquatic environment.
With some of the highest antibiotic-resistant bacteria that usually cause infections in communities and health care facilities, India is suffering greatly, reminds the Center for Dynamics of Disease Economic Policy and Policy (CDDEP), because the 2018 World Antibiotic Awareness Week ends on Sunday.
"Every year globally, nearly 700,000 lives are lost. More than 58,000 children die every year in India alone, from infections that are resistant to antibiotics, "the CDDEP said.
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of disease-causing bacteria and microorganisms to fight antibiotics or drugs due to adaptation.
Earlier in 2017, a team of experts from India and Sweden had also marked concerns over the disposal of urban waste which was partially treated and not treated into rivers – leading to the spread of antibiotic resistance.
According to the CDDEP study, global use of antibiotics in humans has increased by 65 percent in 2015 since 2000, while consumption in low and middle income countries has increased 114 percent.
"India saw the highest increase in antibiotic use by 103 percent. This has resulted in a modern crisis with a lack of effective antibiotics and weak pipelines for new antibiotics, "said Jyoti Joshi, South Asia Head, CDDEP.
The CDDEP study shows that resistance to broad-spectrum antibiotics is detected in more than 70 percent of organisms causing pneumonia and sepsis.
"As a producer of important medicines including antibiotics, India is known as a world pharmacy. But the other side of this is that toxic waste from this production site causes greater damage to rivers and the environment of India, "Joshi said.
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