Saturday , October 16 2021

Health care in your pocket: how smartphones will prevent disease




Здравоохранение в кармане: как смартфоны будут предупреждать болезни

Health care is slowly moving to a smartphone. Heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure and body temperature, blood sugar levels. All of this can track cellular technology: if performance isn't good – it's time to see a doctor. Some gadgets promise to prevent strokes in a few hours. Such devices are either attached to the body or used as bracelets or clocks, and all health indicators are displayed through the smartphone application.

Together, it gets the name mHealth – cellular health.

How is the health of the cellphone

Electrocardiogram for 10 seconds on the smartphone. And pulse, frequency and depth of breathing, and temperature. All of this measures the small Cardiomo tool that attaches under the chest. All data continues to be sent to the smartphone. If suddenly some indicators are not normal, Cardiomo gives advice on how to normalize their status, for example. If the status is critical, the device asks to go to the doctor, and information about the person's health is sent to relatives.

"One day I called my mother. He complained that the third day had a headache, could not get out of bed and he was sick. I ask what you call me, you don't. The word does not want to distract me. This pisses me off, and then I think of a device that erases medical information and presents it in a form that can be understood through the application on your smartphone. In the end, we did Cardiomo. This is a device that takes a high-quality cardiogram, respiratory rate, skin temperature and shows on a smartphone. What is important, it conveys the dynamics. For example, if the device sees that the pulse is not the same as usual, he compares the ECG and gives advice on how to normalize the pulse or suggests that you consult a doctor. Equally important, if something goes wrong, the family will receive push messages on their cellphones, "said Roman Belkin, startup founder of Cardiomo.

Yuri Bykov's family doctor considers such a tool a good way for personal health. But I'm not sure it's accurate.

"I often see on the patient's wrist a fitness bracelet or smart watch. That's good, if they track their activities reaching their destination. If, for example, someone will see that the pressure or heart rate is higher than normal, and will come to me, I am only happy that he draws attention to their health. However, in his office, I do not believe the pressure will show gadgets ", – said Bykov.

Health of future gadgets

Health care is increasingly linked to cellular technology. The next stage in the development of the Belkin novel is called Health 3.0. For example, people who used to trust your health to hospitals and doctors – only doctors can describe diagnostic results. Patients do not understand what it is and only do what they say – take several pills or do certain procedures.

We are now in the Health 2.0 stage – the health of patients who go to a family doctor who may need to be sent to a specialist.

"Health3.0 specifically closes everyone and depends on their health. But to understand what makes and what is wrong. First appears in supermarkets, when people can monitor their activities. Then a more complex device that measures the pulse, blood pressure, EKG, "- said Belkin.

Today it is available to download 325 of the thousands of cellular health applications. Half of them are synced with other gadgets like fitness bracelets, according to the Research2Guidance study. Such programs in the world of users have downloaded 3.7 billion times. But there are no efficiency criteria or their selection.

Pioneers can become the United States. A year ago in the United States has adopted a plan for the development of digital health. Applications in America are seriously considered a tool to improve public health. For example, to combat obesity, cardiovascular disease. And the FDA Office for quality products and medicines – is to test the effectiveness of gadgets and provide recommendations for their use. Recently FDA was approved for use for medical purposes the first FreeStyle Libre blood glucose meter that cannot be injected for diabetics. This unit gives the choice not to donate blood during the measurement of glucose levels in the blood, but it is necessary to check it after each meal. The FDA also issued instructions to use Apple Watch in medical purposes.

In Europe on the background of aging population and increasing health care costs also see potential in mHealth.

MHealth solutions can help detect the development of chronic conditions at an early stage through self and remote diagnostics and will facilitate timely intervention. Attention to prevention can improve quality of life and even increase life expectancy by finding new ways to promote "healthy behavior," according to the European Commission's "mobile health green book".

According to the economic forecast of mHealth, the digital health market will increasingly emerge technological solutions for people with diabetes. For diabetes followed by "obesity" and "depression".

However, in the near future personal electronics are unlikely to replace medical equipment, said Sergey Mityaev, founder and creative director of Gagadget. At the same time, regular use can function as a monitoring tool and prevent serious health consequences.

"The main health problem is that patients go to the doctor, when everything is" running ". Modern trackers have good reliability knowing how to count pulses. The new Apple clock lets you measure the ECG. In the future there will be even more devices. The main objective is to continuously monitor indicators and reports (users first and in the future) when they go beyond the norm. Modern clinics are impossible without a computer. All doctors use Viber to send files (results of monitoring, analysis, etc.), "- said Mityaev.

Здравоохранение в кармане: как смартфоны будут предупреждать болезни

Здравоохранение в кармане: как смартфоны будут предупреждать болезни

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