The Hunter’s Moon follows the Harvest Moon, which is the full Moon closest to the autumnal equinox in late September.
A Hunter's moon, much like a Harvest Moon, has a red hue due to the short time between sunset and moon rise.
During the month of October and autumn period the Moon typically rises around 50 minutes later each day, but during a Hunter’s Moon (and Harvest Moon) they rise 30 minutes later on each successive night.
As the time between the sunset and the moonrise is short hunters could enjoy lighter nights enabling them to catch animals.
The Moon's elliptical orbit causes the short period of time between the sunset and the moonrise due to the angle of the Moon with the narrow horizon.
The Hunter’s Moon is generally not bigger or brighter than any of the other full moons. Thus, the only difference between it and other full moons is that the time between sunset and moonrise is shorter.
Throughout the year, the moon appears over the horizon about 50 minutes later each day, on average.
But for several days around the fall equinox, the moon rises only about 30 minutes later in the US, an just 10 to 20 minutes later throughout Canada and Europe.
While it might sound like not much of a difference, but the shift brings noticeably bright nights. The full moon will rise almost immediately after the sun has set, first appearing as a huge, orange-colored orb around the dusk.
And with shorter periods between sunset and moon rise, farmers are able to work harvesting the crops and hunting animals later on into the night, hence the Harvest and Hunter's Moons names.