New Delhi, July 21 (IANS) While doctors know that diabetes increases the risk of heart failure, a global study of 12 million people has found that this risk is greater in women than men.
According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), currently 415 million adults worldwide live with diabetes – with around 199 million of them women.
In India, which is often referred to as the world's diabetes capital, there are more than 72 million cases of diabetes in 2017 – which means that around 8.8 percent of the country's adult population suffers from the disease.
While type-1 diabetes is associated with a 47 percent risk of heart failure in women compared to men, type-2 diabetes has a nine percent higher risk of female heart failure than men, said the study published in the journal. Diabetologia.
There are a number of reasons why women with diabetes have a greater risk of heart complications, said study co-author Sanne Peters of The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford.
"Women reported having a duration of prediabetes two years longer than men and an increase in this duration may be associated with a greater risk of heart failure in women," said Peters.
"Some of the main concerns are that women are also undergoing diabetes, not taking the same level of drugs as men and tend to receive intensive care," Peters said.
IDF reports that girls and women with diabetes experience a number of challenges. Gender roles, power imbalances, socio-economic inequalities that result in poor diet and lack of physical activity can all affect susceptibility to diabetes.
The limited access of women to health services and the lack of pro-activity in terms of seeking treatment for health problems can also increase the impact of diabetes, especially in developing countries.
IDF hopes that by 2040 around 313 million women will suffer from this disease.
Diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women and claims 2.1 million lives of women every year, more than men. The number one cause of death for women is heart disease.
GB / BC