After landing on Mars, everything goes according to plan in "InSight"
PASADENA. After their spectacular landing on the Red Planet, everything went according to plan with the Mars probe "InSight".
US space agency NASA announced on Monday (local time), he received a signal that "InSight" as regulating his tent had stretched. Because Landemanvers on Mars rarely fall, NASA staff previously happily welcomed the arrival of "InSight."
Two round "InSight" sun screens with a diameter of about 2.20 meters will have collected sunlight on Mars, NASA said. In clean air, they can produce energy for a 700 watt probe. "Tim & # 39; InSight & # 39; can rest a little easier tonight – now that we know the awnings are extended and recharge the battery," said InSight Project Leader Tom Hoffmann.
First photo sent
Hours before, the plane had landed on Mars. "The landing has been confirmed!" NASA reports from a control center in Pasadena, California. There were loud cheers, the scientists jumped and hugged each other.
A few minutes later "InSight" sent the first photo of the Red Planet. Even though the picture was very blurry, it was probably due to a cloud of dust arising during the landing. In the coming days, "Insight" will be busy looking for a suitable place to place their measuring devices with robotic arms.
NASA boss Jim Bridenstine seems to take courage from a successful landing for a future Mars mission: "In the end, the day will come when we land people on Mars," he said.
"Six and a half minutes of horror"
A Landemanver on Mars is so complex that only about 40 percent of the previous missions outside the planets in our solar system have been successful. Therefore, NASA has talked about "six and a half minutes of horror" before the landing of "InSight". The landing was preceded by a trip of almost seven years by spacecraft.
At a speed of 19,800 km / h, it enters the Martian atmosphere, the temperature of the heat shield soaring to 1,500 degrees Celsius. After the probe dropped the shield, the three legs and the parachute came out, and he floated gently to the surface of Mars.
The failure of many Mars landings is related to the atmosphere of our neighboring planet. The thin air causes on one side, that the parachute only develops a limited braking effect. On the other hand, the Martian atmosphere is thick enough to heat a spacecraft while diving.
Although Europe has not succeeded in a successful Mars landing, it is involved with various high-tech "InSight" -Mission. The Graz Institute for Space Research (IWF) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences was involved in evaluating data. One experimental instrument on the landing pad was an attack probe built in Germany, which was supposed to plug a hole five meters deep on the surface of Mars. A French seismometer is also on the plane.
With the stationary InSight geophysical observatory, scientists want to investigate the inside of Mars and its structure for the first time in the next two years. It must be possible to measure the possibility of earthquakes and earthquakes on the planet. The researchers hope to find, among other things, how Mars rose billions of years ago.
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