We have seen a lot of time lapse but this may be unique because it captures Progress rocket launches directly from the International Space Station (ISS).
Orbiting at 18,000 mph, 250 miles high, ISS requires a regular supply of Earth to refuel, oxygen, water and food stores. Since NASA retired Space Shuttle back in 2011, this task is now mostly carried out by unmanned cargo modules such as the Russian Progress MS-10 spacecraft. The latest ISS shipping mission was launched on November 16 from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and sent 2.5 tons of supplies including around 750 kg of propellant, 75 kg of oxygen and air and 440 liters of water among others. European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst (Germany) captured the roar of the Soyuz Russian rocket when the ISS crossed the launch pad. The spacecraft was launched after the Space Station flew over so they chased an orbital post to dock, in this case two days later on November 18, 2018. Astronauts using the new Nikon D5 were sent to film a rocket launch because Nikon is the official provider of ISS cameras.
The European Space Agency said, "The images were taken from a European-made Cupola module with a set of cameras to take pictures regularly. The images are then played quickly with each other at speeds of 8 to 16 times the normal speed. This video shows about 15 minutes of launch at normal speed. "
Here is an important moment in this video:
- 0:07 Soyuz-FG rocket separation.
- 0:20 Separation of the core stage.
- 0:34 The progress of the spacecraft separates from the rocket and enters orbit to pursue the International Space Station.
- 0:37 The core stage starts to ignite in the atmosphere when it returns to Earth after consuming all of its fuel.