Thanks to its technology, every year is progressing health they are more remarkable and 2018 is no exception, for that reason, the SuMedico.com special portal collects the most remembered achievements in this issue. Although the majority are related to the control and treatment of serious diseases such as cancer and HIV, the possibility of finding something new is latent 24 hours a day.
In 2018, the Nobel Prize in Medicine was given to immunologists James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo, for discovering how our own cells can eliminate cancer. This innovative therapy is against Cancer is called immunotherapy and consists of inhibiting cancer cells and proteins produced by several immune cells that prevent the body's defense from killing cancer.
The aim of immunotherapy is to allow the immune system itself to act more quickly to fight disease.
2. Transplantation of the uterine body
The only uterine transplant made comes from a living donor. However, in 2018 the first birth was due to a uterine transplant from the deceased donor announced. The baby was born in Brazil and that was the first case of a successful body transplant. Previously 10 attempts have been made without positive results.
The mother was born without a uterus because of the congenital syndrome that prevented her from having a baby and the woman who donated the uterus died of a stroke at the age of 45 years.
3. Eliminating HIV in 6 patients
Researchers from the IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute in Barcelona and the Gregorio Maran Hospital in Madrid made HIV in the blood and tissues of six patients unable to be detected thanks to stem cell transplants. Stem cells originating from the umbilical cord and initially are.
According to research published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, this transplant allows HIV to be practically removed from the body.
4. Tests to detect cancer
In terms of cancer, progress has been impressive, such as the development of tests capable of detecting cancer in 10 minutes. Scientists from Queensland University designed a fast universal test that lasted less than 10 minutes and detected the presence of cancer.
This is a simple test that can reveal whether there are malignant cells in any part of the body through fluids that change color when detecting cancer cells.
5. Smart patches
Another most significant health advance is the development of intelligent patches, known as their ability to control various health problems. Patches to reduce triglycerides and cholesterol were developed by UNAM and work through a transdermal system that controls this high fat content.
The patient can place it without the need for a specialist and can last between 7 and 15 days.
On the other hand, at the University of California, they created a slim and portable blood pressure sensor that works with ultrasound, called an ultrasnic patch. This is a small patch with an ultrasonic device that converts voltage into current, producing high frequency sound waves that bounce off blood vessels, allowing it to monitor changes in blood pressure.
Other smart patches are smart patches developed by the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, which are able to improve wound healing, minor burns and scratches thanks to analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs. It is based on sibyl and has an eternity of at least 8 hours.