We have a solar system under surveillance, and that definitely works. Cameras deployed on Earth and in space capture some amazing, crazy videos, ranging from meteors that explode in the atmosphere, to Tesla cars heading to Mars, to space weather events on giant gas planets.
Read below to see our most watched videos in 2018! And if that's not enough with a great view, don't miss the 100 greatest photos of space in 2018 here.
1) Super Blue Blood Moon Eclipse 2018
This year witness a special lunar eclipse that coincides with the Blue Moon – the second full moon in a month. Combined with the close approach between the Earth and the moon, this means the lunar eclipse on January 31 is a spectacular sight for millions of observers in North America. While there are many U.S. viewers. you can see in the video here that many people still have to see the amazing celestial scenery. The next total lunar eclipse in North America will occur on January 21, 2019.
2) SpaceX 's Starman in space
No words can describe the greatness of the first Falcon Heavy rocket launch by SpaceX, which on February 6 raised the Tesla Roadster (complete with puppets nicknamed "Starman") into low Earth orbit. In a short time, the pilot's astronaut mannequin is heading for Mars orbit – producing a stunning set of shots that you can see in the short video.
The launch of the Falcon Heavy fulfills the main objective, with two booster rockets landing safely for future launches; the main core stage unfortunately does not stick to the landing.
3) The launch of Soyuz failed
An American astronaut and Russian cosmonaut made a shocking roller-coaster trip into space on October 11, when a defective sensor on their Soyuz rocket failed on a trip into space, as you can see in this launch video. Within minutes, routine flights turned into canceled – but the Soyuz spacecraft (the spaceship with the same name as the rocket) appeared flawless and parachuted the 57 Expedition crew back to Earth.
A few weeks later, Russian space officials released a display of rocket boosters that showed what happened during the flight. Engineers overcame this problem and the 58th Expedition carried out a flawless launch from Kazakhstan on December 3.
4) Chinese Space Station Falls to Earth
China's Tiangong-1 space laboratory safely burned in the atmosphere on April 1 above the Pacific Ocean, arousing interest in satellite observers around the world. High-tech radar systems can now track incoming space objects with high precision, allowing planners to better predict where the re-entering space station will fall. Forecasting is a challenge, because the place of falling objects depends on the nature of the Earth's atmosphere, how it falls, and from where it is made.
5) 4 Supernovas in One Blow!
In some kablooms that destroy stars, you can see stars of some kind experiencing their final death in this cool NASA video. The data, which is based on the NASA Kepler space telescope (which ran out of fuel later this year), also shows a new type of stellar explosion that is different from other supernovae that have been mapped. The glorious telescope sees energy waves from stars that hit nearby gas dust and shells, transforming most of the kinetic energy into brilliant flashes of light.
6) Cyclones on Jupiter
While Jupiter's radiation environment will make it a difficult destination for astronauts, the specially protected Juno spacecraft provides an amazing sight that allows us to "fly" across the giant planet's poles. Circling below is a large polar cyclone, with diameters ranging from 2,500 miles to 2,900 miles (4,000 to 4,600 kilometers) – almost twice the length of the United States. Making the scene cooler, before Juno we barely knew what was happening at Jupiter's poles. This makes Juno a valuable asset to better predict the gas giant's weather patterns.
7) Asteroids and Fireballs!
This is a spectacular year for sky shows, with many asteroid flybasters and exploding meteors captured in the camera's viewfinder. (A meteor is an object that enters the Earth's atmosphere, while an asteroid is space rock). In April, a new space rock is found sneaking between Earth and the moon; while flyby is harmless, astronomers remind us that its size is almost the same as the object that exploded in Tunguska, Russia more than 100 years ago, which leveled the forest.
Also in 2018, two fireballs from separate meteors exploded in Michigan and Australia; while they were small and did not cause damage, the event triggered strong interest in astronomy and the potential of meteorites in the area.
8) Moon Mars Seen From Orbit
A funny video returned from Mars in February appears to show the months that Phobos and Deimos danced in the dark, but the story is actually a smarter illusion. The Mars Odyssey spacecraft from NASA took several images over a span of 17 seconds, and the movements that were seen were caused by changes in the Odyssey camera's Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) camera. While we were fascinated by the images, THEMIS took pictures in infrared-thermal wavelengths – light bands commonly used to better study the composition properties of objects.
9) Auroras on Saturn!
There have been no spacecraft on Saturn since Cassini died in 2017, but the Hubble Space Telescope made some remarkable observations of its perch in Earth's orbit. The glorious observatory captures ultraviolet aurora that surround the north pole during and after the summer solstice in the region. The main goal is to better understand how this aurora has changed over the years. The Earth also gets aurora, when solar particles interact with oxygen and far nitrogen in our atmosphere, but on Saturn the gas molecules are mostly composed of hydrogen.
10) Inventors on Asteroids!
In a scene that feels like a futuristic video game, the Japanese Hayabusa2 spacecraft was deployed on a rover on Ryugu asteroids in September. The weak gravity of the small world allows them to move and move fairly easily, providing valuable melee views about asteroid gravel and regolith compositions. In 2019, Hayabusa2 must begin its own touchdown to extract valuable asteroid dust; then it will become a brave return to Earth, where scientists will analyze valuable burdens.
Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook. Original article on Space.com.